Ch. 24 Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the west

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terms and names

Conservatives

usually wealthy property owners and nobility

Liberals

most middle-class business leaders and merchants

Radicals

favored drastic change to extend democracy to the people as a whole

Nationalism

the belief that one's greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture and history

Nation-State

a nation becomes this when it had it had its own independent government

Balkans

the region that includes all or part of present-day Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey, and the former Yugoslavia

Louis-Napoleon

the emperor who built railroads, encouraged industrialization, and promoted an ambition program of public works

Alexander III

the son of Nicholas who decided to move Russia towards modernization and social change, he and his advisors believes that through reforms, Russia would compete with western Europe for world power

Camillo di Cavour

a wealthy, middle-aged aristocrat, who worked tirelessly to expand Piedmont-Sardinia's power, who was appointed to prime minister of King Emmanuel II

Giuseppe Garibaldi

a bold and romantic soldier, who led a small army of Italian nationalists to capture Italy

Red-Shirts

the people who always wore a bright red shirt in battle

Otto von Bismarck

a master of realpolitik, who was chosen by Wilhelm, to help him solve his problems with Parliament

Realpolitik

"the politics of reality"

Kaiser

an emperor

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