Medical Terminology & Anatomical Terms

36 terms by alexawinn

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Emergency Care, 12th Edition Chapter 5, part 1 Page 93

compound

a word formed from two or more whole words.
ie: small + pox = smallpox

root

foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own.
ie: "therm-" means "heat"

combining form

a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word.
ie: therm + o + meter = thermometer

prefix

word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning.
ie: tachy (rapid, fast) + pnea (breathing) = tachypnea (rapid breathing)

suffix

word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning.
ie: hemophilia (blood disease) + -iac (a person who fits these conditions) = hemophiliac (a person suffering blood disease)

anatomy

the study of body structure.

physiology

the study of body function.

anatomical position

body standing erect, palms facing forward.

midline

an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.

medial

toward the midline of the body.

lateral

to the side, away from the midline of the body.

bilateral

on both sides. (see "lateral")

mid-axillary line

a line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.

anterior

the front of the body or body part. (ventral)

posterior

the back of the body or body part.

ventral

referring to the front of the body, synonym for anterior

dorsal

referring to the back of the body, synonym for posterior

superior

toward the head (ie: the chest is superior to the abdomen)

inferior

away from the head; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head (ie: the lips are inferior to the nose)

proximal

closer to the torso

distal

farther away from the torso

torso

trunk of the body; the body without the head or extremities

palmar

referring to the palm of the hand.

mid-clavicular line

the line through the center of each clavicle.

plantar

referring to the sole of the foot

abdominal quadrants

four divisions in the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury; the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the right lower quadrant (RLQ) and the left lower quadrant (LLQ).

Organs located in the right upper quadrant

Liver, Right Kidney, Colon, Pancreas, Gallbladder

Organs located in the left upper quadrant

Liver, Spleen, Left Kidney, Stomach, Colon, Pancreas

Organs located in the right lower quadrant

Right Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to right leg, Ureter, Appendix, Bladder

Organs located in the left lower quadrant

Left Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to left leg, Ureter, Bladder

supine position

patient laying on their back.

prone position

patient laying on their abdomen.

recovery position

a person laying on their side. (lateral recumbant)

Fowler position; semi-Fowler position

a sitting position at 90 degrees; a sitting position at 45 degrees.

Trendelenburg position

a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head.

thyroid cartilage

largest cartilage of larynx; Adam's apple

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