Nutrition Test 1 Gorman -Chapter 2 Key

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adequacy

the diet-planning principle that provides all the nutrients, fiber, and energy in amounts sufficient to maintain health is called

adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety

what are the principles of diet planning

nonfat milk

which of the following is the most calcium-dense food

provide more nutrients relative to kcalories

nutrient dense refers to foods that

kCalore control

the concept of nutrient density is most helpful in achieving what principle of diet planning

.01 mg iron per kcalorie

which of the following is an expression of the nutrient density of a food

energy and little or no protein, vitamins, or minerals

an empty-kcalorie food is one that contains

moderation

providing enough, but not an excess, of a food is a diet-planning principle known as

dilution of harmful substances

applying the principle of variety in food planning ensures the benefits of

emphasis on trans-fat

which of the following practices is not consistent with achieving a healthy diet

engage in regular physical activites

which of the following is among the recommendations of the dietary guidelines for americans

sedentary women

the consumption of 2000 kcalories per day is sufficient to meet the energy needs of most

sorts foods of similar water content

which of the following is not a feature of a food group plan

Look at the actual page

look at the actual page

1/2 cup black beans, 2 tbsp peanut butter, 1 cup of spinach

jamie is a vegetarian who is trying to plan a healthy diet according to the USDA food guide. which of the following meat alternatives would be the best nutrient choices for one day

50

of the daily recommended intake of fruit servings, what maximum percentage may be supplied by fruit juice

vitamins a and c

what two major nutrients are supplied by the fruit and vegetable groups

its nutrients of greates concern include iron, chromium, and vitabin B12

which of the following is not characteristic of the USDA food guide

potatoes

all of the following are examples of legumes except

nuts

which of the following is an alternative choice for meats in the USDA food guide

meats

in which of the following food groups are legumes found

legumes

which of the following foods could help meet the iron needs of vegetarians who consume dairy

5

how many subgroups comprise the vegetable food group

they can be graded as prime, choice, and select

legumes are used as meat alternatives for all of the following reasons except

400-500

approximately how many kcalories more per day are neede db an average college-age student who is active compared with ehr inactive counterpart

they are high in fat

general features of legumes include all of the following except

nutrient-dense foods

according to the principles of the USDA food guide, the foundation of a healthful diet should consist of

canned pears in syrup

which of the following foods provides discretionary kcalories for the person on aweight reduction diet

jam

which of the following fuds kcalories would be considered as part of one's discretionary kcalore allowance

baseball

a cup of fress blueberries is about the size of a

a broad-based figure that conveys the message that grains should be abundant and form the foundation of a healthy diet

healthy eating index

healthy eating index

what is the assessment tool designed to measure how well a diet meets the recommendations of the dietary guidelines and mypyramid

not enough information is readily available because there is not text

which of the following is a main criticism of the use of the mypyramid

diabetes

food exchange systems were originally developed for people with

all foods are grouped according to their content of carbohydrate, protein, and fats

which of the following is a feature of the exchange list system

fat

in food exchange lists, to what group are olives assigned

husk

whole-grain flour contains all parts of the grain with the exception of the

endosperm

refined grain products contain only the

fortification

the addition of calcium to some orange juice products by food manufacturers is most properly termed nutrient

starch

what nutrient makes up most of the endosperm section of grains such as wheat and rice

endosperm

the part of the grain that remains after being refined is the

whole-grain

which of the following breads has the highest fiber content

they have all of the added nutrients listed on the label

which of the following is a characteristic of enriched grain products

fiber livels are similar to those in the whole grains

all of the following are features of the process of nutrient enrichment of flours except

50

approximately what minimum percentage of all grains consumed by a person should be whole grains

iron

what mineral is added to rifined flours in the enrichment process

whole-wheat

which of the folloiwng product labels always denotes a whole-grain product

1940s

the enrichment of grain products in the us was initiated in the

70

approximately how many years have grain products been subject to nutrient enrichment legislation

folate

whic of the following is an enrighment nutrient for grains

fruits and vegatables

the more matters food campaign promotes increased consumption of

breakfast cereals

the most highly fortified foods on teh market are

zinc

which of the following nutrients would be supplied in much greater amounts from whoe-grain bread versus enriched bread

magnesium

which of the following nutrients is not supplied in about the same amount oby a slice of enriched bread compared with one from whole-grain bread

6

cooking an 8 ounce raw steak will reduce the weight to approximately

soybeans

textured vegetable protein is usually made form

round

which of the following terms is used to describe a cut of meat having a low fat content

is higher in fat than other cuts of meat

a meat described as prime cut meant that it

1% of mild

which of the following is not the same as fat-free milk

imitation food

what term describes a food that resembles and substitues for another food but is nutritionally inferior to it

reduced-fat milk

according to food labeling laws, acceptable sysnonyms for nonfat milk include all of the following except

nutrition labelins is not required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment

which of the following is a feature of us laws governing information on food labels

sugar, puffed wheat, dry milk powder, salt, red food coloring

a food scientist is developing a new and improved cereal bar. she consults with you to ask in what order the ingredients should be listed on the food label. the ingredients are: Sugar 30g, puffed wheat 28g, dry milk powder 5g, red food coloring 35 mg, salt 2g. what is the appropriate order in which to list these ingredients on the food label.

calcium and iron

according to nutrition labeling laws, what two minerals mut be listed on the package label as percent daily value

cornstarch

a food label ingredient list reads in the following order; wheat flour, vegetable shortening, sugar, salt, and cornstarch. what item would be found in the smallest amount in the food

8 fluid ounces

by law, a serving size on beverage food labels is

30

approximately how many mililiters constitute a fluid ounce

30

approximately how many grams are in an ounce

small bags of individually wrapped food items must contain only one serving

all ofthe following are features of serving sized information on food labels except

serving sizes on food labels are not always the same as those of the USDA food guide

which of the folloiwng is a characteristic of food serving sizes

the amount recommended for ingestion each day

information that must be lawfully provided on food labels includes all of the following except

bitamins a and c

according to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins mut be listed on the package label as percent daily value

daily values

food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the

2000

population gorups such as sedentary older men, sedentary younger women, and active older women have a daily energy need of approximately

2000

on a food label the % daily value table compares key nutrients per serving for a perosn consuming how many kcalories daily

yogurt with 150mg of calcium

which of the following foods qualifies as a good source of calcium

they assist people in determining whether a food contains a little or a lot of nutrient

which of the following is a feature of the daily values found on food labels

nutrient claim

a food label that advertises the product as a rich source of fiber is an example of a

this product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers

greg is trying to decide which brand of cereal to buy, but he is a somewhat confused by the health claims. which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement

a series of unqualified health claims on food labels

which of the following is descriptive of the FDA's A list

there are four grades of health clamim quality: a,b,c,and d

which of the folloiwng is a feature of the FDA's regulations of food label health claims

sugar and diabetes

according to the us food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition of dease except

they can be made without and FDA approval

which of the following is a characteristic of structure-function claims on food labels

lipids and obesity

according to the FDA, which of the following diet-health messages on food labels represents a qualified health claim

milk products and plant foods only

which of the following are allowed int eh diet of a lactovegetarian

soybeans

tempeh is made from

small amounts of dairy

which of the following would not be permitted on a macrobiotic diet

tofu

which of the following ingredients found on a food label is a source of protein

they have lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those eating meat

which of the following is a feature of people regularly eating meals based on tofu

lower rates of anemia

all of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet except

iron

invegetarians, the RDA is higher for

vegetarians absorb iron more effeciently

which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in vegetarians

soy proteintexturedvegetable protein is usually made of

vitamin B12 intake is higher

the vitamin B12 in fermented soy products may be present in inactive form`

which of the folloiwng is a feature of vitamin b12 nutrition in vegetarians

their zinc absorption is efficient due to their high soy intake

all of the following are typical characteristics of vegetarians except

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