1905 war between Russia and Japan fought over control of Korea; the Japanese humiliated the Russians by sinking their whole fleet
Mustafa Kemal Atturk
Turkish, nationalist leader who modernized and Westernized Turkey in the early 1900's by introducing secular (non-religious) law and bringing western technology; name means "Father of all Turks"
Italian nationalist leader who helped unify Italy in the late 1800's.
Respect for elders; a key value of Chinese culture (coming from Confucian philosophy)