Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. The slave states that lay between the North and the South and did not join the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britain's textile industry to convince the British to support the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Federal outpost in Charleston, South Carolina, that was attacked by the Confederates in April 1861. This is the battle that began the Civil War.
The President during the Civil War. He wanted to keep the southern states from seceding from the Union/he wanted to preserve the Union.
The first woman to earn a medical license. She was the one who convinced President Lincoln to form the U.S. Sanitary Commission in June 1861.
Was the Union general. He developed the Union's two-part strategy.
What was the Union's two-part strategy?
To destroy the South's economy through a naval blockade of southern seaports. Also to gain control of the Mississippi River to split the Confederacy and cut its communications.
Warship heavily armored with iron.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Led a unit in the Confederacy. His unit held their ground, and inspired the rest of the Confederacy to join in rebelling against the Union.
The First Battle of Bull Run
The first major battle of the Civil War. This resulted in a victory for the Confederacy.
George B. McClellan
Was a new commander for the Union at the time of the Civil War. He was sent into Virginia after the Confederacy's victory during the First Battle of Bull Run. He gather a big force and by early May he had taken Yorktown
General Robert E. Lee
He was put in charge of the Confederate army in Virginia in June of 1862 under the command of President Jefferson Davis. He was one of the best officers on both sides. He signed the papers ending the Civil War on April 9, 1865.
Seven Days' Battle
They were 5 different battles in the course of 1 week between General Lee's army and the Union forces.
Second Battle of Bull Run
This was a battle in the Civil War where the Confederacy was pretty successful in achieving their goal. Which was to force the Union out of Virginia.
Battle of Antietam
The single-most bloodiest day in United States Military history and the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. This battle resulted in a victory from the Union.
What advantage did the Battle of Antietam give the Union?
It stopped the Confederacy's northward movement.
A captured Union ship turned into an ironclad by the Confederates.
Battle of Shiloh
Civil War battle took place in 1862, in Tennessee in which the Union army gained greater control over the Mississippi River valley.
Siege of Vicksburg
Union army's six-week blockade of Vicksburg in 1863 that led the city to surrender during the Civil War
Battle of Pea Ridge
Civil War battle in 1862, where the Confederate forces from Missouri, joined by some American Indians, were defeated in Northwestern Arkansas.
Ulysses S. Grant
Was the most important figure in the war in the West. He graduated from West Point, he also had served in the Mexican War.
Was a daring Union naval leader from Tennessee who had refused to serve in the Confederacy.
John C. Pemberton
Confederate general. With the high bluffs in Vicksburg it allowed his unit to to cover the area with heavy guns.
Virginia town where Confederate general Robert E. Lee was forced to surrender to the Union; The South's surrender ended the Civil War.
Order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863
Escaped or captured slaves taken in by the Union army during the Civil War.
54th Massachusetts Infantry
Groups of African American foot soldiers in the Civil War that had an important part in the attack on Fort Wagner in South Carolina.
Nickname of Democrats who were against the end of slavery and agreed with the South during the Civil War; the Union thought they poisoned the fight against slavery
What is the other definition of copperhead?
A type of poisonous snake. Northern Democrats were called this because they were against the actions of North.
Constitutional protection against being put in jail in a way that is against the law.
Battle of Gettysburg
Civil War battle at Gettysburg, Pennslyvania, that the Union won; after this, the Confederates started to lose the war; it resulted in the deaths of more than 50,000 soldiers.
A failed Confederate attack, led by General George Pickett, at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Address, or speech made by President Abraham Lincoln in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lincoln talked about the bravery of Union soldiers and made a new promise to win the Civil War.
May-June of 1864; a series of battles between 100,000 Union soldiers and 70,000 Confederate soldiers in the wilderness of northern and central Virginia.
Type of war in which an army totally destroys its enemy's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic resources as well as military ones.