Who was relied on during the Middle Ages for medicine and anatomy, using signs of the four bodily humors and their contradictions to cure illness, there were two blood systems from the liver, and dissecting animals to create the structure for human anatomy?
Who was the first to introduce the heliocentric theory, saying that the Earth revolved around the sun along with eight heavenly spheres where Heaven was not in a fixed position in the universe?
Whose main goal was compiling evidence on the heliocentric theory, although he disagreed with it as well as the geocentric theory?
Who created the three laws on planetary motion, proving that the orbits of planets are elliptical, they go faster as they near the sun, and the ones farthest away go slowest?
Who discovered Jupiter's moon, proving the heavenly spheres theory false, as well as wrote the Starry Messenger and other works that got him in trouble with the Inquisition?
Who created the universal law of gravity and other "natural" laws, as well as the "world machine"?
Who was able to disprove Galen on some points of anatomy, but still agreed that blood came from the liver in two different systems?
Who was able to FULLY DISCREDIT Galen, proving that blood comes from the heart and cir throughout the body in one system?
Who was the father of chemistry (according to Was),the presence discovering atoms and elements?
Who created a system to chart the elements?
Who was a prominent figure in science during the Scientific Revolution but was only allowed one meeting with the royal science society because she was a woman?
Who wrote Metamorphosis on the Insects of Surinam?
Who discovered a new comet while working as her husband's assistant but was not allowed to go to any scientific society meetings?
Who wrote Discourse on Method and created "I think therefore I am," placing importance on doubt and creating Cartesian dualism and mechanism? He also created the deduction method (mathematics and deduction, RATIONALISM)!
Who wrote Great Instauration, placing an importance on empiricism and using the inductive method (observation and experiment) as well as stating science was meant for practical reasons, such as the creation of new and handy machines?
Who was the creator of pantheism, where it was right to study science because it it a part of God?
Who was an Apologist (created rational reasons to revert to Christianity) stated that religion and science do not contradict each other, instead they coexist as two separate entities? He also said that "God is a worth-while bet."
Who stated that the motto for the Enlightenment was "Dare to know!"?
Who displayed information found during the Sci. Rev. in a light-hearted way, making it appealing and popular to the educated masses?
Who wrote the Dictionary and encouraged religious toleration?
Who wrote Travels, describing the "natural man" as "noble savages"?
Which two people were relied on for the structure for Enlightenment with their natural laws and tabula rasa (blank mind)?
Newton and Locke
Who wrote Persian Letters and The Spirit of Laws, attacking religious tradition and encouraging religious toleration as well as creating the idea of BALANCE OF POWERS?
Who wrote Philosophical Letters, Candide, and Treatise on Toleration, as well as championed deism and a believed in natural rights?
Who wrote the Encyclopedia?
Who wrote Treatise on Human Nature and On Miracles, stating the only miracle was that humans still believe in miracles?
Who was the leader of the phisiocrats and created the natural laws of economics, rejecting mercantilism by stating that land is wealth and that people sound have economic freedom (laissez-faire)?
Who wrote Wealth of Nations, stating that the economy should be guided by the invisible hand of the marketplace (economic liberalism/capitalism)?
Who was a materialist and wrote System of Nature?
Who wrote the Progress of the Human Mind, stating that they were currently in the tenth stage of progress (ultimate perfection)?
Who was possibly the Father of Romanticism wrote Discourse on Origins, The Social Contract, and Emile, stating that the first lie was private property, government was necessary (virtue--civilized), people should be governed by the GENERAL WILL, limited government control, and saying that women were meant to be domestic?
Who wrote A Serious Proposal to the Ladies and Some Reflections Upon Marriage, stating that women could expand with education and that they should have equality in marriage ("If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves?")?
Who was the Mother of Feminism wrote the Vindication of the Rights of Wo, stating that men contradicted themselves by limiting women?
Who was a Rococo artist that painted aristocrats in carefree settings with a hidden sadness?
Who was a Rococo architect?
Who was the Neo-classicist artist that painted the Oath of the Horatii as a representation of nationalism and virtue?
Who was a Baroque musician that wrote music in order to honor God (Mass in B)?
Who was a Baroque musician that created secular operas and music (Fireworks Music) but was more successful for he religious pieces (Messiah)?
Who was a classical musician that stopped performing for courts and instead creating music for the public as a show of liberty?
Who was a classical musician that was a child prodigy but eventually had to skip from patron to patron, dieing a poor man?
Who wrote The Age of Louis XIV, which was the beginning of social history and removed God from the events during the reign of the French king?
Who wrote the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, stating that Christianity was the ultimate cause of Rome's fall?
Which two men edited the Spectator, a magazine that brought intellectual ideas to the urbanized masses?
Addison and Steele
Who wrote On Crime and Punishment, condemning capital punishment and stating jailing was much more effective than death and torture?
Who create the Social Patent, allowing private practice for Lutherans, Calvinists, and Greek Orthodontics?
Who created the Moravian Bretheren (society), stating that if we study God, then we become Atheists?
Who was the creator of Methodism and was responsible for the revivalism of spiritual experience?