Character-based host name or NetBIOS name assigned to a computer.
A protocol such as UDP that does not require a connection before sending a packet and does not guarantee delivery. An example of a UDP transmission is streaming video over the Web. Also called a best-effort protocol.
In networking, a protocol that confirms that a good connection has been made before transmitting data to the other end. An example of it is TCP.
A cable used to connect two PCs into the simplest network possible. Also used to connect two hubs.
The gateway a computer on a network will use to access another network unless it knows to specifically use another gateway for quicker access to that network.
(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server:) DHCP server
The server that manages dynamically assigned IP addresses to computers on a network when they first access the network.
A Windows 9x/Me and Windows NT/2000/XP utility that uses a modem and telephone line to connect to a network.
(Domain Name System, or Domain Name Service:) DNS
A distributed pool of information (called the name space) that keeps track of assigned domain names and their corresponding IP addresses, and the system that allows a host to locate information in the pool. Compare to WINS.
A computer that can find an IP address for another computer when only the domain name is known.
A unique, text-based name that identifies a network.
(Digital Subscriber Line:) DSL
A telephone line that carries digital data from end to end, and can be leased from the telephone company for individual use. Some DSL lines are rated at 5 Mbps, about 50 times faster than regular telephone lines.
dynamic IP address
An assigned IP address that is used for the current session only. When the session is terminated, the IP address is returned to the list of available addresses.
(enhanced CAT-5:) CAT-5e
A category of unshielded twisted pair cable.
Broadband technology used for Internet access. Provides the fastest speeds.
fiber optic cable
a cable that transmits signals as pulses of light over glass strands inside protected tubing.
(File Transfer Protocol:) FTP
The protocol used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network such that the file does not need to be converted to ASCII format before transferring it.
Communication that happens in two directions at the same time.
(fully qualified domain name:) FQDN
A host name and a domain name such as jsmith.amazon.com. Sometimes loosely referred to as a domain name.
A computer or other device that connects networks.
(Global System for Mobile Communications:) GSM
An open standard for cellular WANs and cell phones that uses digital communication of data and is accepted and used worldwide.
Communication between two devices whereby transmission takes place in only one direction at a time.