Nutrition - Exam 1 Review Questions

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Nutrition: An Applied Approach Exam 1 Review Questions

inorganic nutrients that are not broken down by the human body or destroyed by heat or light are called:

minerals

what is the primary source of fuel for the brain?

carbohydrates

the BRSS is the government

survey that tracks lifestyle habits that increase risks for developing chronic diseases

according to the AMDR, what % of your daily calories should be provided by carbohydrates?

45-65%

"wellness" is a multidimensional process that includes one's physical, emotion, social, occupational, and spiritual health

true

nutrition is a relatively new scientific discipline: true or false

true

A "drink" is defined as the amount of a beverage that provides ____ fluid ounce of pure alcohol

.5

the need to drink larger and larger amounts of alcohol to get the equivalent pleasurable sensations associated with alcohol intake is referred to as:

tolerance

if someone passes out after a night of hard drinking, he or she should be left alone to "sleep it off"

false

the four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and ____

variety

which of the following foods is exempt from standard food labeling regulations:

a. grains
b. processed foods
c. meat
d. organic foods

c

the Dietary Guidelines for Americans follows a standardized definition of a serving side for each food: true or false

false

note: which of the following is a good food safety practice to employ when consuming or cooking eggs?

answer: casseroles made with eggs should reach an internal temperature of 160º F before being eaten

...

note: which of the following is a FALSE statement regarding the proper refrigeration and freezing of food?

answer: thaw frozen meat and poultry on the kitchen counter

...

name an antioxidant added to food as a preservative:

vitamin C

it's unsafe to thaw frozen chicken on the counter: true or false

true

microwave cooking kills all the bacteria present in food: true or false

false

the most common nutritional definition worldwide is ____

iron

in the US food insecurity is caused by the lack of enough food produced to feed all the people who live in poverty: true or false

false

which types of fats should be included in a healthful diet?

mono and polyunsaturated fats

note: challenges to healthy eating when dining out include all of the following except: limited choice

...

many of the general nutrient recommendations that we often see are based up ____ calorie diet

2,000

vitamin C and B are termed:

water-soluble vitamins

Lauren's friend has recommended that she take a vitamin C supplement before undergoing oral surgery. Lauren is concerned about consuming too much of the supplement. which of the following nutrient standards would assist Lauren in determine the highest amount of the supplement that would be safe for her to consume?

a. EER
b. UI
c. AMDR
d. RDI

b

note: double-bind, placebo-controlled, random-selected

...

note: which of the following BEST describes minerals:

answer: inorganic micronutrients found in a variety of foods

...

the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) are dietary standards that should be applied only to healthy individuals: true or false

true

protein is the only macronutrient that contains the element nitrogen: true or false

true

moderate alcohol intake is defined as two days/day for men and ____ drink/s per day for women

1

for males, binge drinking is defined as consuming ____ or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion within a short period of time; for females, binge drinking is defined as consuming 5 or more alcoholic drinks on one occasion within a short period of time

5

the information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on a 2,000 calorie a day diet is called the:

% daily value

one of the limitations to MyPyramid is that the portion recommendations may not be equal to the common serving sizes identified on food labels: true or false

true

why is rBGH given to many US dairy cows?

to increase milk production without increasing feed (or to increase muscle while decreasing fat)

Hepatitis A is a food-borne virus that can result in ____ damage

liver

all additives are synthetic: true or false

false

foods of plant origin are the most common sources of food-borne illness: true or false

false

crops grown to be exported to other countries and not for local consumption are called ____ crops

cash

transgenic crops are also known as GMOs (genetically modified organisms): true or false

true

which nutrient would be lacking from your diet if you don't eat vegetables such as carrots, leafy greens, sweet potatoes, and squash?

vitamin A

note: safety issues associated with cooking in residence halls include all of the following except:

answer: having 2 refrigerators in the same room

...

which of the following is an inorganic nutrient?

a. Vitamin A
b. Carbohydrates
c. Lipids
d. Calcium

d

a slice of pumpkin bread contains 5 grams of fat, 40 grams or carbohydrates, and 5 grams of protein. what % of the bread's calories are from fat?

20%

poor nutrition is strongly associated with three chronic diseases that are among the top 10 causes of death in the US: true or false

true

because water does not provide any calories to the body, scientists do not consider it a nutrient: true or false

false

complete avoidance of all alcoholic beverages is the only way for most people who abuse alcohol to achieve full and ongoing recovery: true or false

true

why are there several ethnic variations on MyPyramid?

to allow for culturally and ethnically different food choices

Jack is a college athlete who requires 2,800 kilocalories a day to support his total energy needs. even though Jack likes many different foods and makes it a point to try new things, he consumes only approximately 1,600 kilocalories a day. which of the characteristics of a healthy diet is Jack missing?

adequacy

Food companies are prohibited from using nutrient or health claims in food labels that are not approved by the FDA

true

the US Department of Agriculture regulates ____ farming standards in the US

organic

the easiest and most effective way to prevent food-borne illness is:

wash hands before handling food

a process that uses gamma rays to eliminate harmful bacteria in meat and poultry is called ____

irradiation

food intoxications result from consuming foods in which microbes have secreted poisonous toxins: true or false

true

all preservatives must be listed on the label: true or false

true

food ____ is a situation in which people are unable to obtain enough food to meet their daily physical needs

insecurity

there is very little a single individual can do to solve the problem of undernutrition and hunger in the world today: true or false

false

what nutrient would be lacking from your diet if you didn't eat milk, cheese, soy milk, tofu, yogurt or spinach?

calcium

note: all of the following as symptoms/side effects of ketosis EXCEPT:

answer: high blood cholesterol

...

an important source of energy for muscles during times of rest and low-intesity exercise is:

fat

overconsumption of ____ has the greatest potential for toxicity

vitamin D

note: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) collected dietary information of Americans by using a/n:

answer: personal interview that collects information from a 24-hour diet recall

...

protein's primary role is to provide energy for the body: true or false

false

vitamins provide 4 kilocalories per gram: true or false

false

women absorb a greater percentage of a given alcohol intake as compared to men of the same size: true or false

true

Juanita doesn't care for meat and poultry and restricts her intake of animal foods to only milk and yogurt sources. which dietary guideline is Julie failing to practice?

balance

the FDA regulates nutrition labels and the description of information found on food packages: true or false

true

according to the Centers for Disease Control, the majority of food infections are caused by:

microorganisms

give an example of a neurotoxin:

clostridium botulinum

note: which statement is FALSE about fungi causing adverse food reactions?

answer: many species of fungi can cause serious illness in otherwise healthy people

...

fungi are rarely associated with food infections: true or false

true

flavoring agents and colorings are derived from both natural and synthetic sources: true or false

true

the World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that by 2020, deaths due to diabetes will increase worldwide by more than ____ percent

50

the type of undernutrition that affects toddlers who have recently been weaned from breast milk and oven a diet that is severely lacking in protein is:

protein deficit malnutrition

the number of people suffering from hunger worldwide is decreasing: true or false

false

name a fruit/vegetable that is only at its peak in the summer

tomato

the ____ is the leading federal agency int he US that protects human health and safety

CDC

a double-blind experiment is one in which neither the researchers not participants know which group is assigned to which treatment: true or false

true

macronutrients are nutrients that contain the element nitrogen: true or false

false

8 ounces (1 cup) of beer is equivalent to 1 drink: true or false

false

the government agency that regulates food labeling the US is the:

FDA

the recommendations presented in USDA Food Guide separate high-fat and high-calorie food choices from low-fat and low-calorie alternatives

false

note: which of the following is NOT an antioxidant used in the processing of food:

answer: propionic acid

...

the antibiotic-resistant bacteria that is thought to result from the use of antibiotics in animals is:

MRSA (methacillen-resistent staphylococcus aureus)

temperature danger zone for bacterial growth?

40-140

clostridium botulinum thrives in an acidic environment: true or false

false

sulfites have been banned by the FDA and are no longer found in the US food supply: true or false

false

the lack of which nutrient in the diet can lead to night blindness in children?

vitamin A

individuals who live in poverty are sermon obese: true or false

false

what nutrient would be lacking from your diet if you didn't eat lentils, fruits, vegetables, or whole grains?

fiber

the type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group is called a(n):

case control study

the group oven a specific treatment or intervention during an experiment is called the ____ group

experimental

a beverage that contains 20 grams of alcohol mixed with a diet soda has approximately 140 kilocalories: true or false

true

alcohol provides ____ kilocalories per gram and has no appreciable nutritional value

7

women who are breastfeeding should abstain from alcohol as it easily passes into the breast milk at levels equal to blood alcohol concentrations: true or false

true

servings in the USDA Food Guide are represented in:

ounce-equivalents

the Dietary Guidelines are a set of principles designed but the WHO for all developing and developed countries: true or false

false

it's estimated that over ____ % of the US population has symptoms of food-borne illness without knowing or reporting it

50

bacteria causes the majority of food infections: true or false

true

a child who is shorter than his or her expected height for age is suffering from:

stunting

the USDA is responsible for the ____ of foods and surplus commodity foods during an emergency

distribution

worldwide, the majority of deaths seen in undernourished children are due to infection: true or false

true

how are foods listed on an ingredient list?

by weight used in the food from most to least

note: taking charge of your fast food and restaurant experiences include all of the following except:

answer: not eating out

...

fats are soluble in water: true or false

false

Alzheimer's disease is strongly associated with dietary choices: true or false

false

which nutrient contains nitrogen?

protein

which dietary standard, expressed as percentages of total energy, defines the recommended intake range for the macronutrients?

AMDR (acceptable macronutrient distribution range)

minerals contain a chemical structure that cannot be broken down during digestion: true or false

true

MyPyramid recommends that all grain sources be whole grain: true or false

false

mycotoxins are most commonly found in:

grains and peanuts

monosodium glutamate, iodine added to table salt, and calcium added to orange juice are all examples of:

additives

organically grown foods are more nutritious than conventionally grown foods: true or false

false

to avoid consuming mercury, pregnant and breastfeeding women and young children are advised to avoid large predatory fish: true or false

true

note: suggestions for healthy eating in the dining hall include all of the following except:

answer: eat meals at the same time everyday

...

in the body, the major storage sites for glycogen are the muscles and:

liver

for dinner, Carol consumes 250 grams of carbs, 50 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat. in addition, Carol decides that she wants a glass of wine with her meal. if she drinks one glass of wine containing 10 grams of alcohol, how many total kilocalories does she consume in this meal?

1,540 kilocalories

all nutrients are divided into ____ classes

6

irregular breathing, cold and clammy skin, and loss of consciousness are all signs of:

alcohol poisoning

the proper steps developed for canning foods ensures that all endospores of ____ ____ are eliminated when followed carefully

clostridium botulinum

which natural preservation method doesn't limit spoilage by drawing water out of foods (thereby making them inhospitable to bacterial growth)?

cooling

the safety of raw seafood cannot be guaranteed; it should always be cooked to reduce the risk of food borne illness: true

true

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a serious condition that is associated with physical birth defects and mental retardation: true or false

true

diets high in sugar/starch are directly associated with:

tooth decay

since 1990, food labels have been required on all fresh meat and poultry: true or false

false

the primary method used to preserve Parma ham is by adding ____

salt

pasteurization was first developed to kill microorganisms in ____

wine

the original objective in the development of GMOs was to:

increase crop protection from pesticides and herbicides

organic farmers cannot use pesticides: true or false

false

vitamin C and the B vitamins are termed:

water-soluble vitamins

the building blocks of proteins are called:

amino acids

your grandmother has recently been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. which of the following professionals is most likely to be qualified to offer your grandmother assistance in planning her diabetic diet?

registered dietitian (RD)

cryogenics is a new area of research that seeks to uncover the links between our genes, our environment and our diet: true or false

false

milk is a good source of calcium but a poor source of iron; meat is a good source of iron but a poor source of calcium. individuals who eat from both of these food groups are incorporating what characteristic of a healthy diet into their meal plan?

balance

a low amount of humidity can affect the survival and reproduction of food microorganisms: true or false

false

1/2 of your plate should be:

fruits and vegetables

name a monosaccharide

galactose

note: which of the following describes vitamins A, D, E and K?

answer: potentially toxic

...

the ___ is the standard used to estimate the daily nutrient needs of half of all healthy individuals

EAR (estimated average requirement)

the macronutrients include carbohydrates, lipids and proteins: true or false

true

on average, a healthy individual can metabolize the equivalent of ____ drink/s per hour

1

the ____ is the primary site of alcohol metabolism in the body

liver

there is no single dietary modification plan appropriate for all individuals: true or false

true

two types of fungi are:

molds and yeasts

note: foods of animal origin are the most commonly associated with food-borne illnesses

...

in developed countries, the major cause of malnutrition is:

the unequal distribution of available food

death in infants who suffer from malnutrition is usually the result of:

decreased resistance to infectious diseases

in order to ensure adequate fiber intake you should make ____ your grains whole grains

1/2

what item best represents, in terms of size, a single serving a meat?

a deck of cards

the term nutritionist has no definition or laws regulating it: true or false

true

moderate alcohol consumption increases "good" (HDL) cholesterol and lowers "bad" (LDL) cholesterol: true or false

true

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