5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- b. These prisons widely adopted freedom of religion into the institution
- a. When one of the treatment staff is sick, the position must be filled in order to maintain "minimal critical staffing."
- b. Drugs and alcohol use and abuse...
- c. The creation of intermediate sanctions
- c. ISPs abdicate the use of rehabilitation.
- a 17. Most prisons built during the Reformatory Era had all the following characteristics except
a. These prisons abandoned the silent system
b. These prisons widely adopted freedom of religion into the institution
c. These prison started using indeterminate sentencing and parole
d. These prisons were based on the Auburn System
- b 17. Intensive supervised probation is a form of probation with increased supervision and control of the offender. Which of the following statements inaccurately describes this form of punishment?
a. ISPs generally require multiple weekly contacts between the probationer and the probation officer.
b. ISPs were first instituted by the state of Georgia in 1974.
c. ISPs abdicate the use of rehabilitation.
d. ISP is a punishment deemed for uncontro9llable and non-compliant probationers.
- c 16. There were several events that coincided between 1975 and 1985 to create prison population boom. Which of the following is not a reason for this dramatic increase in prisoners?
a. The War on Drugs
b. The shift to conservative beliefs to deal with crime
c. The creation of intermediate sanctions
d. "baby boom" group in crime-prone age range
- d 17. All of the following are reasons why custody concerns outweigh those of treatment in institutions except:
a. When one of the treatment staff is sick, the position must be filled in order to maintain "minimal critical staffing."
b. Custody issues are immediate and mandatory.
c. Treatment staff usually only work regular "workdays" during regular hours.
d. Custody concerns are ever-present 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
- e 5. Offenders in prisons and jails have problems that contribute to crime commission. Which of the following is generally NOT one of these factors?
a. Criminal or "bad" companions or friends
b. Drugs and alcohol use and abuse
c. Anti-social attitudes and values
5 Multiple choice questions
- 5. The prevention ideology contains all of the following concepts except
a. Expulsion from school to target for outside programming
b. A focus on a child's social and emotional problems
c. A focus on the individual and the environment around him or her
d. Programs that generally begin in the school
- 12. All of the following are major medical problems faced by prison and jail inmates today except:
a. Hepatitis A and B
b. HIV infection
c. Small pox
- 16. Which of the following statements does not characterize the reformatory at Elmira?
a. Increase academic education for reformation
b. Food deprivation is necessary to control behavior
c. A goal was to reform youths
d. A gymnasium with modern equipment and bath facilities is advocated
- 8. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (2004) estimated that the average jail population nation-wide on any given day is approximately how many inmates?
a. 120,000 jail inmates
b. 267,000 jail inmates
c. 423,000 jail inmates
d. 714,000 jail inmates
- 3. Probation departments have duties to perform. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
a. Increase the imposed sentence for technical violations
b. Restitution management
c. Investigate facts about the offense, offender, arrest, and technical violations
d. Prepare the Presentence Investigation Report(PSI)
5 True/False questions
b. It is available to minimum as well as maximum-security offenders. → 18. Judicial and administrative sentencing processes share common criteria in decision-making. Which of the following is not one of them?
a. The offender's past criminal record
b. The use of good time
c. Classification of the crime as aggravated, "normal," and mitigated
d. The degree of repentance demonstrated by the offender
d. Release from prison should be based on time served → 12. Maconochie's principles are based on all of the following except
a. A prisoner should earn everything he receives in prison
b. Labor in prison is based on improvement of conduct, frugality of living, and habits of living
c. When appropriate, offenders should form small groups where everyone is responsible for each other's behavior
d. Release from prison should be based on time served
c. Treatment ideology → 8. This type of correctional ideology argues that criminality is a manifestation of pathology that can be managed or even reversed in some way. The goal of this ideology is to make offenders aware of their maladaptive behavior and to change it. Which correctional ideology does this refer to?
a. Incapacitation ideology
b. Deterrence ideology
c. Treatment ideology
d. Restorative justice ideology
...d. Day fines are still a fairly uncommon practice in the U.S. compared to Australia and England. → 13. All of the following statements describe day fines except?
a. Money paid to the criminal justice system based on a graduated punishment system.
b. The offender's daily earnings determine the specific dollar amount of the fine.
c. The revenue made by day fines is diverted to victim compensation funds.
d. Day fines are still a fairly uncommon practice in the U.S. compared to Australia and England.
c. Banning early release to institutionalized offenders... → 16. In recent years legislatures have increased control over the sentencing process of their state. Which of the following is not one of the strategies of legislative control?
a. The introduction of determinate sentencing
b. The institution of sentencing guidelines
c. Banning early release to institutionalized offenders
d. The use of mandatory prison terms