5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- ...d. Day fines are still a fairly uncommon practice in the U.S. compared to Australia and England.
- a. Administrative policies of sentences
- b. Rehabilitation
- a. They change the way offenders think.
- c. Extensive training
- a 13. Indeterminate sentencing is most consistent with which goal of punishment?
- b 15. As advocated by Walter C. Reckless, a presentence investigation report or PSI should include all of the following information except:
a. Administrative policies of sentences
b. Recommendations for sentence
c. Objective content
d. Subjective content
- c 13. All of the following statements describe day fines except?
a. Money paid to the criminal justice system based on a graduated punishment system.
b. The offender's daily earnings determine the specific dollar amount of the fine.
c. The revenue made by day fines is diverted to victim compensation funds.
d. Day fines are still a fairly uncommon practice in the U.S. compared to Australia and England.
- d How does cognitive intervention work?
a. They change the way offenders think.
b. They increase an offender's IQ.
c. They place offenders in school.
d. They help make an offender "school smart."
- e 9. Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to low quality jail personnel?
a. Poor working conditions
b. Political appointment
c. Extensive training
d. Low pay
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 10. The Pennsylvania System initially used the following basic elements except
a. Humane treatment
b. No work
c. Moral and religious instruction
d. Solitary confinement
- 18. The prison population increased since 1960 due to all the following factors except
a. A fear of crime
b. Medical treatment
c. Media and special interest groups
d. The War on Drugs
- 10. Which of the following is NOT a conclusion we can draw regarding prison rule violations?
a. Inmates in larger institutions or higher security prisons had higher percentages of rule infractions than other types of facilities.
b. More than 90% of inmates who were charged with rule violations were found guilty in administrative proceedings.
c. Men have higher rule infractions rates than women.
d. Young inmates and those with drug histories are more likely to have prison infractions.
- 8. Probation is characterized by all of the following statements except:
a. Probation is not a sanction of confinement
b. The correctional system is given sole responsibility to supervise probationers.
c. Probation is characterized by conditions imposed on the offender that governs release into the community
d. Recent developments in technology have increased the ability to monitor probationers' behavior.
- 3. Probation departments have duties to perform. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
a. Increase the imposed sentence for technical violations
b. Restitution management
c. Investigate facts about the offense, offender, arrest, and technical violations
d. Prepare the Presentence Investigation Report(PSI)
5 True/False Questions
a. Private presentence reports → 20. An example of indeterminate sentencing would be which of the following sentences?
a. Two to ten years
b. Three strikes and you're out legislation
c. Ten years plus five for aggravating factors of the crime
d. Two years
c. Banning early release to institutionalized offenders... → 12. Restitution requires the offender to:
a. Compensate the victim for loss of injury.
b. Be incarcerated for his or her crime.
c. Plea bargain for a lesser sentence.
d. Be placed on probation.
a. Two to ten years → 2. Jail inmates are more likely than not to be which of the following except?
a. Able to post bail
d. Disproportionately African American
c. To divert drug-abusing offenders to intensively monitored treatment instead of incarceration. → 16. There were several events that coincided between 1975 and 1985 to create prison population boom. Which of the following is not a reason for this dramatic increase in prisoners?
a. The War on Drugs
b. The shift to conservative beliefs to deal with crime
c. The creation of intermediate sanctions
d. "baby boom" group in crime-prone age range
b. 5% → 11. On average, prosecutors bargain away ______ of cases.