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midterm answers

A majority of the early English migrants to the Chesapeake Bay area were

wealthy gentlemen

Which of the following best describes Deism?

The belief that God had created the world but allowed it to operate through the laws of nature

France decided to aid the North American colonies in their war for independence primarily because France

wanted to weaken the British empire

In the eighteenth century, British colonists wishing to settle west of the Appalachians were principally motivated by

the low price and easy availability of land

British colonists in North America objected to the Stamp Act primarily because it

taxed them without their consent

The French and Indian War was also known in Europe as

The Seven Years War

President George Washington's Farewell Address set a course for the nation by

discouraging permanent alliances with foreign nations

The Supreme Court established which of the following by its ruling in Marbury v. Madison ?

The Supreme Court has the authority to determine the constitutionality of congressional acts

Support for slavery in the Southern states was based on all of the following reasons EXCEPT

Most White families owned slaves

Most of the Irish immigrants who came to the United States following the potato famine of the 1840s settled in

urban areas of the North

Thomas Paine's pamphlet Common Sense attacked which of the following?

The king of England and the principle of monarchy

Which of the following was true of colonial New England?

Life was centered in clustered villages with farmland surrounding the villages.

The Constitutional Convention of 1787 did all of the following EXCEPT

determine provisions to be included in the Bill of Rights

After the French and Indian War, British political leaders were determined to

require the North American colonies to pay a greater share of the empire's administrative expenses

The concept of republican motherhood includes the idea that women should

be educated to raise their children to be good citizens

The Missouri Compromise was a victory for antislavery advocates because it

closed most of the Louisiana Purchase to slavery

During the first half of the nineteenth century, the central and western areas of New York were known as the "burned-over district" because

of intense religious zeal created during the Second Great Awakening

The Monroe Doctrine maintained that

European powers should not pursue any future colonization in the Americas

The Southern economy before the Civil War increasingly

produced more cotton and other crops but did not develop much industry

The Republican Party of the 1850s took which of the following positions on slavery?

Slavery could remain where it existed but should not be extended into territories or new states.

During Reconstruction, a major economic development in the South was the

spread of sharecropping

Anne Hutchinson was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637 because she

challenged the religious beliefs of the colony's leaders

The government of the Articles of Confederation was successful in resolving the problem of how to

provide for statehood for western territories

Which of the following happened as a result of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676 ?

Tensions between backcountry farmers and the tidewater gentry were exposed

All of the following contributed to Northern fear of a slave power conspiracy in the 1840s and 1850s EXCEPT the

passage of the Wilmot Proviso

A key purpose of Henry Clay's American System was to

develop a national economy by improving transportation

Alexander Hamilton's domestic and foreign policies were directed primarily toward strengthening the federal government by

favoring the interests of the propertied and monied classes

Which of the following was true of the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases and the 1883 Civil Rights cases?

They weakened the protections given to African Americans under the Fourteenth Amendment.

During Reconstruction granting African Americans the right to vote

split the women's vote

. During the Civil War, the Republican Party passed legislation promoting economic development concerning all of the following EXCEPT the

granting of government subsidies to encourage the export of manufactured goods

After the Civil War, women reformers and former abolitionists were divided over

legislation that ensured the voting rights of African American males

Shays' Rebellion reflected which of the following tensions in United States society during the 1780s?

Economic frustration of New England farmers who had trouble paying debts in hard currency

What was the primary intention of the Adams administration in enforcing the Sedition Act?

To intimidate critics of Adams' foreign policy toward France and England

The most controversial and divisive component of the Compromise of 1850 was the

passage of a tougher national fugitive slave act

The Great Awakening of the 1740s led to

splits among existing religious denominations and the rise of new churches

Which of the following occurred during Radical Reconstruction?

The formation of the Ku Klux Klan

The slaves who participated in the Stono rebellion in South Carolina in 1739 hoped to

flee to Florida where the Spanish offered freedom

Metacom's Rebellion (King Philip's War) was

an attempt to save Indian lands and culture in New England.

The largest slave uprising of the eighteenth century was

the Stono Rebellion.

Washington Irving is remembered as one of the first important writers of the newly established United States for his work

The Legend of Sleepy Hallow

Mercantilism as applied by Britain to its North American colonies meant that the British government

regulated colonial shipping and tobacco production

The major significance of the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 was that it

tested the ability of the federal government to maintain order

Transcendentalist writers found their major source of truth and inspiration in

nature

"....we, being willing to....secure them (the people) in the free exercise and enjoyment of all their civil and religious rights... do herby publish, grant, ordain, and declare... that no person with the said colony, at any time hereafter, shall be any wise molested, punished, disquieted, or called in question for any differences in opinion in matters of religion."

The Rhode Island colonial charter

What method did planters use in the early eighteenth century to prevent slave revolts?

They bought slaves of different ethnic backgrounds so slaves could not understand each other

The significance of the Battle of Saratoga was that it

ensured the French would join in an alliance with the Americans.

Which of the following was NOT a provision of the Treaty of Paris of 1783?

Americans were forgiven their debts to British merchants

President Jefferson's greatest achievement was

doubling the size of the United States

The English immigrant who became known as the "father of the factory system" because he opened the first American factory in 1790 was

Samuel Slater.

A major effect of the transportation revolution was that it

forged economic ties between the North and the Midwest

Nativist fears were directed mostly at

Irish immigrants.

David Walker, William Lloyd Garrison, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were all involved in

abolition

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were active workers for

the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments.

Horace Mann and Catharine Beecher were both actively involved in

educational reform

Which Marshall decision did Jackson refuse to implement, stating, "John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it"?

Worcester v. Georgia

A problem that occurred in the election of 1824 was that

John Quincy Adams became president even though Andrew Jackson had more popular votes.

The Ordinance of Nullification was based on the belief that

states had the right to determine which congressional laws they would enforce.

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 eventually led to

the Trail of Tears.

As American factories and farms turned out more goods, merchants and legislators created faster and cheaper ways to get those products to consumers in what came to be known as the

Market Revolution.

The short lived Canal Age was supplanted by

railroads.

Charles Grandison Finney is most directly connected with

revivalism.

Columbus's expeditions were a failure to mercantilist thinking because

he failed to find treasures of gold

The first Whig elected to the presidency was "Tippecanoe," also known as

William Henry Harrison.

The original prophet of the Mormon religion was

Joseph Smith

Transcendentalists believed that all knowledge came through

an inner light

"Civil Disobedience," an essay that later influenced both Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., was written by the transcendentalist

Henry David Thoreau

Uncle Tom's Cabin was written by

Harriet Beecher Stowe.

As a result of the introduction of the cotton gin,

slavery was reinvigorated

The settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most consequential for the future United States was

Jamestown.

The financial means for England's first permanent colonization in America were provided by

a joint-stock company

The early years at Jamestown were mainly characterized by

starvation, disease, and frequent Indian raids

Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were similar in that they were all

dependent on the export of commercial agricultural crops.

Despite an abundance of fish and game, early Jamestown settlers continued to starve because

they wasted time looking for gold.

Colonies of the North and the South developed differences in all of the following areas EXCEPT

allegiance to England

The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was

John Winthrop.

The Salem witchcraft trials were

the result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving Massachusetts.

The outcome of the War of 1812 was

a stimulus to patriotic nationalism in the United States.

The roots of Harriet Beecher Stowe's antislavery sentiments lay in

the evangelical religious revivals of the Second Great Awakening

The Lecompton Constitution was written so that Kansas

could only apply for statehood by permitting slavery

The Compromise of 1877 resulted in

the withdrawal of federal troops from the South and the end of Reconstruction

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