government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
ethics, especially that branch dealing with duty, moral obligation, and right action.
someone or something that causes hopelessness
the art or practice of logical discussion as employed in investigating the truth of a theory or opinion.
a being having divine attributes, ranking below God but above humans
unfounded positiveness in matters of opinion; arrogant assertion of opinions as truths.
the view that there are just two mutually irreducible substances.
the part of the psychic apparatus that experiences and reacts to the outside world and thus mediates between the primitive drives of the id and the demands of the social and physical environment.
the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from sense experience.
a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability.
the basic, real, and invariable nature of a thing or its significant individual feature or features
a system of moral principles
policy of gradual growth or development rather than sudden change or expansion
continuance in being or life
a philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and Sartre, and opposed to rationalism and empiricism, that stresses the individual's unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or her choices.
something that actually exists; reality; truth
belief that is not based on proof
a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief, etc
a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and em
any object, idea, etc., eliciting unquestioning reverence, respect, or devotion
the perfect moderate course or position that avoids extremes; the happy medium.
the doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the highest good
leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation.
the science of interpretation, especially of the Scriptures
a theory that history is determined by immutable laws and not by human agency.
the theory that whole entities, as fundamental components of reality, have an existence other than as the mere sum of their parts.
any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate.
any conditional rule of action, concerned with means and ends rather than with duty for its own sake
the part of the psyche, residing in the unconscious, that is the source of instinctive impulses that seek satisfaction in accordance with the pleasure principle and are modified by the ego and the superego before they are given overt expression.