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Anabolism

Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials

Catabolism

Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances and release energy

Cell Membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell, regulates what enters and leaves the cell

Chromosomes

threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes

Cytoplasm

material between the cell membrane and the nucleus

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid, the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics

Endoplasmic reticulum

structure within the cytoplasm that makes large proteins from smaller protein pieces

Genes

regions of DNA within each chromosome

Karyotype

picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell

Metabolism

the total of the chemical process in a cell

Mitochondria

the organelles in which nutrients are converted to energy; powerhouse of a cell

Nucleus

control center of the cell

Adipose tissue

collection of fat cells

cartilage

flexible connective tissue attached to bones at the joints

epithelial cells

skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs

histologist

Specialist in the study of tissues

larynx

voice box

pharynx

throat

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain

thyroid gland

endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck

ureter

tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

urethra

tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

uterus

the womb

viscera

internal organs

trachea

windpipe

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