Most of ancient Persia lies in this modern-day country
Beginning with Cyrus the Great, how Persian kings treated their people
a. treated people fairly
b. allowed conquered people to keep their religion and laws
c. showed concern for justice
d. collected the taxes
and administered the law fairly
Persian Prophet who taught about the battle between good and evil; also taught about rewards and punishments after death
Europe, Asia, Africa
Persian Empire spread to these continents
Persepolis means ____.
Persian City--Persepolis was a capital of the Persian Empire.
Cyrus the Great
1st Great Persian king--freed the Jews from Babylonian Captivity
Cylinder of Cyrus the Great
clay artifact from c. 540 BCE--1st great charter of human rights; tells of the reign of Cyrus and how he treated those he conquered
Darius I, aka Darius the Great
2nd "Great" king of Persia (NOT son of Cyrus)
Royal Road & Darius' Canal
2 huge projects built during reign of Darius (1500 mile road; 130 mile canal)
Cause of 1st Persian War
Darius I of Persia and his men attacked tiny Greek city of Marathon as a way to get a foothold in Greece in order to attack Athens.
Who won the battle of Marathon?
The Greeks won the battle of Marathon.
2nd Persian War
Xerxes, son of Darius, wanted to try again to defeat Greeks, but he lost.
Their hatred of Persia
The only thing that all the vastly different Greeks city-states could agree upon
Small group of Greeks who were defeated by Xerxes' army at Thermopolae; gave the other Greeks time to organize troops and for citizens of Athens to flee to safety
He burned Athens to the ground (regretted it later).
What uncharacteristic thing did Xerxes do when he realized the Greek city-state of Athens was deserted?
Winner of 2nd Persian War
The Greeks also won the 2nd Persian War.
Athens (in Greece)
New power in the Aegean that entered its "Golden Age" after the defeat of Xerxes and the Persians
Alexander the Great
Conquered the mighty Persian Empire in 330 BCE