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"philosophy" literally defined?

love of wisdom

the ultimate aim of philosophy is?

complete liberty of the mind, to achieve independence of any prejudice, to become moral and freedom

critical thinking is a skill that allows people to blindly accept the thinking of others?

False

there is no difference between "having" a philosophy and "doing" philosophy?

False

casual reasoning is considered a type of inductive argument?

True

the structure of an argument is a group of statements in which there are certain statements offered in support of another statement?

True

the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence?

metaphysics

the study of moral values and principles?

ethics

the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments?

logic

the study to knowledge.

epistemology

the study of beauty, art and taste.

aesthetics

socrates believed that "the truth lies within each of us"

True

socrates believed that "it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it"

True

socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions

True

What is the investigate of the nature and structure of reality?

Metaphysics

the study of the nature of knowledge and truth?

Epistemology

who said "air is the primary substance"?

Anaximenes

the fundamental principles of the universe are mathematical relations?

Pythagoras

all matter is composed of indivisible atoms

democritus

the unexamined life is not worth living?

socrates

who said "reality is unchanging and eternal and change is an illusion"?

Parmenides

who said "the universe is composed of matter and governed by nous"?

Anaxagoras

who said "water is the primary substance"?

Thales

who said "all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos"?

Heraclitus

A kind of argument that purports to prove a thesis is defective because it generates an infinite series when such series exists or the thesis lacks justification?

Infinite Regress

who argued that "all is one"?

Parmenides

who argued that "all is change" and "change alone is unchanging"?

Heraclitus

who claimed form is a reality itself?

Plato

who claimed that forms reside in physical objects?

Aristotle

what did Descartes hope to prove through the method of doubt?

knowledge is possible

who argued that genuine knowledge is recollected through an examination of our innate ideas?

Plato

Metaphysicians concern themselves with questions such as: whether reality is many or one, what is the nature of reality, and what is time and space?

True

Parmendies said change is an illusion

True

Plato argued that the world of being is constantly changing, evolving, and disappearing

True

Aristotle's Four Causes: the ultimate purpose of something?

formal cause

Aristotle's Four Causes: the embedded essence of something?

final cause

Aristotle's Four Causes: material cause?

material cause

Aristotle's Four Causes: what sets something in motion?

efficient cause

the epistemological view that all knowledge is derived through sense experience?

empiricism

the epistemological view that knowledge is derived from rational intuition and sense experience?

rationalism

who argued that we are born with an intellectual "blank slates" or tabula rasa?

Locke

who claimed that nothing exists independent of the mind or God?

Berkeley

who argued that, as a philosopher, he was committed to radical skepticism?

Hume

who argued that we construct a knowable world?

Kant

who believed that emotions ought to play a role in our understanding of the world?

Jaggar

In Jaggar's arguments, emotions provide what?

life with meaning

rationalists argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge?

True

empiricists argue that we can achieve genuine knowledge independent of sense experience?

False

For Locke, objects in the world consist of primary and secondary qualities

True

For Berkely, objects in the world exist

False

subjective idealism is the belief that only ideas conscious minds have actual existence

False

For Hume, the logical conclusion of empiricism is skepticism

True

For Kant, the nominal world is perceivable

False

who said "Knowledge of external world begins with the method of doubt"?

Descartes

who said "All knowledge comes from experience"?

Locke

who said "emotions affect the manner in which we perceive the world"?

Jaggar

who said "all justifiable beliefs must be rationally justified or experiencable"?

Hume

who said "the knowable world is constructed by the faculties of the mind"?

Kant

who said "to be is to be perceived"?

Berkeley

who defined religion as "a means toward ultimate transformation?"

streng

who argued that religion is a human construction, an idealized perfection?

Feuerbach

who argued that all religions are expressions of a patriarchal reality in which women are placed in a subjected position?

Daly

who believed that religion is a vital personal quest all must face when confronted with the possible meaninglessness of life?

Nishitani

religions that remain tied to the original people and location from which they developed are called?

indigenous sacred ways

which religion believes that souls can have eternal salvation due to a belief in Jesus?

Christianity

which religion believes that Muhammad is the last and final prophet to receive the word of God?

Islam

religion can provide a framework for human life. what kinds of questions can religion answer?

what is the meaning and purpose of life, what is my destiny, how ought i to conduct my life and what happens when i die.

studying the philosophy of religion is designed to turn all persons into atheists and engage persons in emotional arguments.

false

studying the philosophy to designed to expand, enrich, and deepen your understanding of other religions

true

arguments for the existence of God were presented to satisfy a desire for objective proof of a transcendent being?

true

a theodicy is a defense of the justness or goodness of God in the face of doubts or objections arising form the problem of evil

true

kierkegaard argued that the existence of God is knowable objectively

false

for buddhists, all suffering emanates from desire

true

for judaism, devotion and obedience to Yahweh will result in special consideration and protection

true

for kierkegaard, a "leap of faith" serves no purpose in knowing whether God exists or not

false

for clifford, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence

true

for james, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence

false

a term used to designate the complex mosaic of religious beliefs and practices of the majority of people in India

Hinduism

a monotheist religion that believes Muhammad i the last and final prophet to receive the word of God (Allah)

Islam

a nontheist religion that believes in the "ultimate transformation" through an aspiration to escape the world of suffering by achieving Nirvana, which is the ultimate egoless state of bliss

Buddhism

localized religions that emphasizes the development of proper relationship with the spirit world and that this spiritual world is connected with the physical world.

Indigenous sacred ways

a way of life inspired from the rhythms of the natural phenomena

Taoism

a monotheist religion that believes God (Yahweh) entered into a covenant with Abraham. Through devotion and obedience to the Yahweh, the believers will enjoy special consideration and protection

Judaism

a monotheist religion that split off from Judaism and believes that Jesus is the son of God and savior whose death and resurrection makes it possible for believers' souls to enjoy eternal life in Heaven.

Christianity

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