"philosophy" literally defined?
love of wisdom
the ultimate aim of philosophy is?
complete liberty of the mind, to achieve independence of any prejudice, to become moral and freedom
critical thinking is a skill that allows people to blindly accept the thinking of others?
there is no difference between "having" a philosophy and "doing" philosophy?
casual reasoning is considered a type of inductive argument?
the structure of an argument is a group of statements in which there are certain statements offered in support of another statement?
the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence?
the study of moral values and principles?
the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments?
the study to knowledge.
the study of beauty, art and taste.
socrates believed that "the truth lies within each of us"
socrates believed that "it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it"
socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions
What is the investigate of the nature and structure of reality?
the study of the nature of knowledge and truth?
who said "air is the primary substance"?
the fundamental principles of the universe are mathematical relations?
all matter is composed of indivisible atoms
the unexamined life is not worth living?
who said "reality is unchanging and eternal and change is an illusion"?
who said "the universe is composed of matter and governed by nous"?
who said "water is the primary substance"?
who said "all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos"?
A kind of argument that purports to prove a thesis is defective because it generates an infinite series when such series exists or the thesis lacks justification?
who argued that "all is one"?
who argued that "all is change" and "change alone is unchanging"?
who claimed form is a reality itself?
who claimed that forms reside in physical objects?
what did Descartes hope to prove through the method of doubt?
knowledge is possible
who argued that genuine knowledge is recollected through an examination of our innate ideas?
Metaphysicians concern themselves with questions such as: whether reality is many or one, what is the nature of reality, and what is time and space?
Parmendies said change is an illusion
Plato argued that the world of being is constantly changing, evolving, and disappearing
Aristotle's Four Causes: the ultimate purpose of something?
Aristotle's Four Causes: the embedded essence of something?
Aristotle's Four Causes: material cause?
Aristotle's Four Causes: what sets something in motion?
the epistemological view that all knowledge is derived through sense experience?
the epistemological view that knowledge is derived from rational intuition and sense experience?
who argued that we are born with an intellectual "blank slates" or tabula rasa?
who claimed that nothing exists independent of the mind or God?
who argued that, as a philosopher, he was committed to radical skepticism?
who argued that we construct a knowable world?
who believed that emotions ought to play a role in our understanding of the world?
In Jaggar's arguments, emotions provide what?
life with meaning
rationalists argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge?
empiricists argue that we can achieve genuine knowledge independent of sense experience?
For Locke, objects in the world consist of primary and secondary qualities
For Berkely, objects in the world exist
subjective idealism is the belief that only ideas conscious minds have actual existence
For Hume, the logical conclusion of empiricism is skepticism
For Kant, the nominal world is perceivable
who said "Knowledge of external world begins with the method of doubt"?
who said "All knowledge comes from experience"?
who said "emotions affect the manner in which we perceive the world"?
who said "all justifiable beliefs must be rationally justified or experiencable"?
who said "the knowable world is constructed by the faculties of the mind"?
who said "to be is to be perceived"?
who defined religion as "a means toward ultimate transformation?"
who argued that religion is a human construction, an idealized perfection?
who argued that all religions are expressions of a patriarchal reality in which women are placed in a subjected position?
who believed that religion is a vital personal quest all must face when confronted with the possible meaninglessness of life?
religions that remain tied to the original people and location from which they developed are called?
indigenous sacred ways
which religion believes that souls can have eternal salvation due to a belief in Jesus?
which religion believes that Muhammad is the last and final prophet to receive the word of God?
religion can provide a framework for human life. what kinds of questions can religion answer?
what is the meaning and purpose of life, what is my destiny, how ought i to conduct my life and what happens when i die.
studying the philosophy of religion is designed to turn all persons into atheists and engage persons in emotional arguments.
studying the philosophy to designed to expand, enrich, and deepen your understanding of other religions
arguments for the existence of God were presented to satisfy a desire for objective proof of a transcendent being?
a theodicy is a defense of the justness or goodness of God in the face of doubts or objections arising form the problem of evil
kierkegaard argued that the existence of God is knowable objectively
for buddhists, all suffering emanates from desire
for judaism, devotion and obedience to Yahweh will result in special consideration and protection
for kierkegaard, a "leap of faith" serves no purpose in knowing whether God exists or not
for clifford, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence
for james, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence
a term used to designate the complex mosaic of religious beliefs and practices of the majority of people in India
a monotheist religion that believes Muhammad i the last and final prophet to receive the word of God (Allah)
a nontheist religion that believes in the "ultimate transformation" through an aspiration to escape the world of suffering by achieving Nirvana, which is the ultimate egoless state of bliss
localized religions that emphasizes the development of proper relationship with the spirit world and that this spiritual world is connected with the physical world.
Indigenous sacred ways
a way of life inspired from the rhythms of the natural phenomena
a monotheist religion that believes God (Yahweh) entered into a covenant with Abraham. Through devotion and obedience to the Yahweh, the believers will enjoy special consideration and protection
a monotheist religion that split off from Judaism and believes that Jesus is the son of God and savior whose death and resurrection makes it possible for believers' souls to enjoy eternal life in Heaven.