The modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another.
Started in Iran in 1800s. Bahai is based on two people. Bahai doesn't take the Qur'an literally. They don't believe in angels or devils. heaven or hell are not places they are condition of the soul. All religions come from the same source.
A religion, the world's third major universalizing religion, with 365 million followers, which was founded in India, the religion diffused along the Silk road and water routes.
A form of diffusion in which almost all individuals and areas spread outward from the source region are affected.
the perspective that a foreign culture should not be judged by the standards of a home culture and that a behavior or way of thinking must be examined in its cultural context
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
the migration of religious or ethnic groups to foreign lands despite their continued affiliation with the land and customs of their origin
Durkheim's sacred and proface
Durkheim believed that everything was a function of society, and so naturally his ideas and views on religion are from the stand point that it too is a function of society, ordinary (defines most objects, events, and experiences) and extraordinary (inspires a sense of awe and reverence)
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.anyone in the world
Folk Culture region
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
the composite culture, both material and non-material, that shapes the lives of folk societies
formed by a culture region representing an entire culture system that intertwines with its locational and environmental circumstances
A famous geographer that wrote about cultural diffusion about the same time as Carl sauer
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures
Process by which humans inovate creativly finding solutions to problems, the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
Indo-European language family
Family of languages with the greatest number of speakers, spoken in most of Europe and areas of European settlement and in much of southwestern and southern Asia.
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
group of languages with more commonality than a language family (indicates they have branched off more recently in history)
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone
the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that hold that human actions and institutions are economically determined and that class struggle is needed to create historical change and that capitalism will untimately be superseded
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools ,campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
spread of an idea through people, in which the phenomena weakens or dies out at its previous source
this type of culture consists of abstract concepts of values, beliefs, and behaviors.
the language endorsed and recognized by the government as the one that everyone should know and use
found in large heterogeneous societies that are bonded by a common culture despite the many differences among the people that share it
About 25% of the world's Christians are this. This branch first split from the Catholic Church in the 16th century, and later divided into hundred of denominations. It is strong in North America, Northern Europe, Britain, South Africa, and Australia
Religion: Branches, denominations, sects
large and basic divisions within a religion; divisions of branches that unite local groups in a single administrative body; relatively small groups that do not affiliate with more mainstream denominations
the process of diffusion in which individuals or populations migrating from the source areas physically carry the innovation or idea to new areas
an ethnic religion in which people follow their shaman, a religious leader and teacher who is believed to be in contact with the supernatural
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
combines beliefs from Hinduism and Islam, but centers on the teachings of its founder, Guru Nanak.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
smaller landscapes that symbolize a bigger area or category. iconic landscapes, i.e. the state capitol symbolizes WI. every landscape can symbolize something, but these are focal points for people's attention
the fusion of originally different inflected forms (resulting in a reduction in the use of inflections)
with its emphasis on magic as well as different meditation techniques, found primarily in Tibet and Mongolia
characterized by a stricter adherence to the original teachings of the Buddha, this branch is strong in Southeast Asia
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact