Scentific Revolution Test

27 terms by raynedrop

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Copernicus

Poland, developed heliocentric theory, "On the Revolution of Heavenly Bodies"

Brahe

Netherlands, recorded movements of planets, influenced Kepler

Kepler

Germany, discovered elliptical pattern and proved Copernicus right

Galileo Galilei

Italy, law of the pendulum, discovered weight has nothing to do with the speed of falling and gravity

Bacon

England, founded scientific method, encouraged experimenting instead of accepting ideas

Descartes

France, "I think, therefore I am" analytical geometry, father of modern philosophy

Newton

England, theory of gravity, laws of motion

Janssen

Netherlands, eyeglass maker who created the microscope

van Leeuwenhoek

Netherlands, used the microscope to observe bacteria in tooth shavings and observed red blood cells

Torricelli

Italy, student of Galileo, developed 1st mercury barometer to measure pressure and predict weather

Fahrenheit

Netherlands, made 1st mercury thermometer in glass, water freezes at 32 degrees

Celsius

Sweden, created mercury thermometer that said water freezes at 0 degrees

Galen

Ancient Greece, dissected animals to study anatomy and assumed humans are the same

Vesalius

Belgium, proves Galen wrong, dissected human corpses, "On the Fabric of the Human Body"

W. Harvey

England, discovered heart was a pump, "On the motion of the heart and blood"

Jenner

England, 1st vaccine, germs fro cattle to prevent small pox

Boyles

Ireland, 1st to use the scientific method in chemistry, his law explains how temperature, gas and pressure affect each other

Priestly

England, discovered oxygen but did not name it

Lavoisier

France, named oxygen

Mary Astell

England, "A Serious Proposal to the Ladies", addressed lack of education for women and the different roles in a marriage, feminist pioneer

Mary Wollstonecraft

England, "A Vindication of the Rights of Women" argued women should be doctors and nurses

Marie-Therese Geoffrin

France, hosted Paris salons, leading figure in French Enlightenment

Mozart

Austria, ages 5-35 wrote 600 musical works, 5 first musical compositions, age 12 first opera

Beethoven

Austria, musician, composer, famous for 5th and 9th symphonies

Richardson

England, Author of 1st English novel, Pamela

Defoe

England, Author of "Robinson Crusoe"

Diderot

France, author of 1st Encyclopedia

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