Poland, developed heliocentric theory, "On the Revolution of Heavenly Bodies"
Netherlands, recorded movements of planets, influenced Kepler
Germany, discovered elliptical pattern and proved Copernicus right
Italy, law of the pendulum, discovered weight has nothing to do with the speed of falling and gravity
England, founded scientific method, encouraged experimenting instead of accepting ideas
France, "I think, therefore I am" analytical geometry, father of modern philosophy
England, theory of gravity, laws of motion
Netherlands, eyeglass maker who created the microscope
Netherlands, used the microscope to observe bacteria in tooth shavings and observed red blood cells
Italy, student of Galileo, developed 1st mercury barometer to measure pressure and predict weather
Netherlands, made 1st mercury thermometer in glass, water freezes at 32 degrees
Sweden, created mercury thermometer that said water freezes at 0 degrees
Ancient Greece, dissected animals to study anatomy and assumed humans are the same
Belgium, proves Galen wrong, dissected human corpses, "On the Fabric of the Human Body"
England, discovered heart was a pump, "On the motion of the heart and blood"
England, 1st vaccine, germs fro cattle to prevent small pox
Ireland, 1st to use the scientific method in chemistry, his law explains how temperature, gas and pressure affect each other
England, discovered oxygen but did not name it
France, named oxygen
England, "A Serious Proposal to the Ladies", addressed lack of education for women and the different roles in a marriage, feminist pioneer
England, "A Vindication of the Rights of Women" argued women should be doctors and nurses
France, hosted Paris salons, leading figure in French Enlightenment
Austria, ages 5-35 wrote 600 musical works, 5 first musical compositions, age 12 first opera
Austria, musician, composer, famous for 5th and 9th symphonies
England, Author of 1st English novel, Pamela
England, Author of "Robinson Crusoe"
France, author of 1st Encyclopedia
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