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What is decreased mobility of the lower esophagus and constriction of the lower esophageal sphincter called?

Achalasia

What are inflamed diverticula collectively known as?

Diverticulitis

Which type of hernia has the greatest potential for herniation?

Femoral Hernia

What is the medical term for excessive vomiting?

Hyperemesia

Select the medical term for "canker sores."

Aphthous Stomatitis

What are rough elevations covering the tongue's upper surface?

Papillae

What is another term for a diaphragmatic hernia?

Hiatal Hernia

Which term best describes a yellow skin discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera of the eyes?

Icterus

What is a rotation or twisting of loops of bowel called?

Volvulus

What is plastic surgery of the mouth called?

Stomatoplasty

An umbilical hernia is a protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the ____?

Navel

What is a positive stool exam for occult blood significant for?

Colorectal Cancer

What is an obstruction of the intestine known as?

Ileus

Select the medical term for "cold sores."

Herpetic Stomatitis

What are non-inflamed diverticula collectively known as?

Diverticulosis

What is a mass formed during the process of chewing?

Bolus

What is the medical term for gallstones?

Cholelithiasis

What is "current jelly stool" a clinical manifestation of?

Intussusception

What might bleeding gums be a sign of?

Gingivitis

What is the frequent passage of loose watery stool known as?

Diarrhea

What is an outpouching through the muscular layer of the intestine, often associated with the sigmoid colon, called?

Diverticulum

What is an enzyme that has very high concentrations in liver cells?

Serum Glutamic-Oxaloactic Transaminase

Which disease of the liver is known as the result of alcoholism or malnutrition due from degeneration of the hepatocytes?

Cirrhosis

What is a white or gray lesion in the mouth that is precancerous?

Oral Leukoplakia

conversion of glucose to glycogen

Glycogenesis

surgical creation of a new opening between the colon and abdominal wall

Colostomy

exam through the abdominal wall

Laparoscopy

creation of a new opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

Ileostomy

removal of all or part of the colon

Colectomy

varicosities of the lower rectum

Hemorrhoids

gurgling, tinkling noises heard with a stethoscope

Borborygmi

air passed from the stomach through the mouth

Eructation

fecal test for occult blood

Stool Guaiac

repair of a defect of the lip

Cheiloplasty

IBS is the abbreviation for ______________________________.

Irritable bowel syndrome

GERD is the abbreviation for ___________________________________.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

GI is the abbreviation for ________________

Gastrointestinal

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