Nutrition and Physical Education

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Nutrition for Health

nutrition

The process by which your body take in and uses food.

nutrients

Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.

calorie

is a unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food.

hunger

is the natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food.

appetite

is the psychological desire for food

carbohydrates

are starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy.

fiber

a tough complex carbohydrate that the bod cannot digest.

proteins

are nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues.

cholesterol

a waxy, fatlike substance in your blood.

vitamins

are compounds found in that help regulate many body processes.

minerals

are elements found in food that are used by the body.

osteoporosis

A condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily.

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

are a set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all Americans

MyPlate

an interactive guide to healthful eating and active living.

nutrient-dense

These foods have a high ratio of nutrients to calories.

food additives

substances add to a food to produce a desired effect.

foodborne illness

or food poisoning.

pasteurization

is trating a substance with heat to kill or slow the groth of pathogens.

cross-contamination

the spreading of pathogens from one food to another.

food allergy

is a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods.

food intolerance

a negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system.

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