RCT Prep Chp 5 Parts III, IV, V and VI

29 terms by conciatori 

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Radiation

Form of energy from the sun that reaches the earth

Winds

Air currents that move across the earth's surface

Prevailing Winds

Wind that always blow in the same patterns

Wind Belts

Patterns made by the prevailing winds

Doldrums

When there is very little air moving, calmness

Trade Winds

Winds moving south

Prevailing Westerlies

Winds moving north

Polar Easterlies

Winds moving back towards the equator

Evaporates

Water enters the atmosphere

Water Vapor

Water in a gaseous state

Condensing

When water vapor turns into water droplets

Dew Point

The temperature at which the water vapor starts condensing into water drops

Fog

Is a cloud that forms right next to the ground

Dew

Forms when warm air comes in contact with a coll surface

Frost

Water vapor condenses right into frozen ice crystals

Precipation

Any kind of condensed water that falls from the sky. ie: rain, sleet, snow and hail

Water Cycle

The continuous movement of water between the earth's surface and the atmosphere

Thunderstorm

A local storm

Lighening

Always accompanies thunderstorms and iis a huge electrical discharge

Tornadoes

Are violent circular winds associated with severe thunderstorms

Hurricanes

Giganic whirling storms with high winds, torrential rains, and storm surges capable of causing wide-spread flooding and destruction

Climate

Changes of air conditions at a particular place over a long period of time

Latitude

A measure of how far to the north or south pf the equator the place is

Altitude

The height of a place above sea level

Temperate

Climate that has warm summers and cold winters

Air

Is a mixture of gases; 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .03% carbon dioxide and trace other gases

Natural Contaminents

Are substances added to the air by such natural happenings as volcanic erruptions, forest fires, dust and pollen

Air Pollutants

Are substances added to the air by human activity, such as undesirable gases, ligids and solid materials

Inversion

Occurs when the surface air is cooler than the layer above it, so the air cannot rise and the pollutants may accumulate

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