Challenges of modern society: The judicial process in the US

43 terms by Nenenina 

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judicial process

Gerichtsverfahren

the jury (sing.)

die Geschworenen, die Schöffen + Singular

to return a verdict

ein Urteil fällen

verdict of guilty/not guilty

Schuld-/Freispruch

to arrest s.o.

jdn. verhaften

to take a case to court

einen Fall vor Gericht bringen

courtroom

Gerichtssaal

courtofficer

Gerichtsdiener(in)

judge

Richter(in)

juror

Geschworene(r)

witness stand = witness box

Zeugenstand AE+BE

prosecuting attorney = public prosecutor

Staatsanwalt AE+BE

defense attorney = counsel for the defense

Verteidiger AE+BE

the defendant = the accused

der/die Angeklagte

spectator

Zuschauer(in)

to preside over a trial

einen Prozess leiten

to stand trial

vor Gericht stehen

to question s.th.

etw. in Frage stellen

validity <-> invalidity

Richtigkeit, Stichhaltigkeit + Antonym

evidence (sing.)

Beweis, Beweismaterial + Numerus

a piece of evidence

ein Beweis(stück)

circumstantial evidence (sing.)

Indizienbeweise

to charge s.o. with a crime

jdn. eines Verbrechens beschuldigen

to plead (not) guilty

sich (nicht) schuldig bekennen

to prove s.o.'s innocence/guilt

jds. Unschuld/Schuld beweisen

to represent s.o.

jdn. vertreten

plaintiff

Kläger(in)

to call a witness

einen Zeugen/eine Zeugin aufrufen

to swear s.o. in (swore, sworn)

jdn. vereidigen

to give testimony

eine Zeugensaussage machen

to testify

aussagen

to cross-examine s.o.

jdn. ins Kreuzverhör nehmen

to present evidence

Beweise vorlegen

to give a closing speech

ein Abschlussplädoyer halten

to consider the verdict

das Urteil beraten

the accused = the defendant

der/die Angeklagte + Synonym

to acquit s.o.

jdn. freisprechen

acquittal

Freispruch

to convict s.o.

jdn. verurteilen

to sentence s.o. to s.th.

jdn. zu etw. verurteilen

suspended sentence

Bewährungsstrafe

mitigating circumstances (pl.)

mildernde Umstände + Numerus

to reduce a sentence

eine Strafe mildern

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