Advanced Math Exam Vocab

34 terms by Gymstar567 

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term

a number, a variable, or the product of a number and variable

slope

ratio that describes steepness: rise/run

solution

any value or values that makes an equation or inequality true

quadrants

x-axis and y-axis divide coordinate plane into 4 sections

pythagorean theorem

legs squared equals hypotenuse squared

perfect square

a number that is a square of an integer

ordered pair

identifies the point on a coordinate plane

hypotenuse

longest side in a right triangle

coordinate plane

formed by x-axis and y-axis

slope intercept form

y=mx+b; m= how much, b=y intercept

y-intercept

where a slope crosses the y-axis

square root

a number that when multiplied by itself equals the original number

coefficient

numerical factor in any term of a polynomial - 3y

constant

in a polynomial, a term that doesn't contain a variable

polynomial

1 term or the sum or difference of two or more terms

combination

a group of items in which the order of items is not considered

dependent events

when outcome of event does affect outcome of 2nd event

factorial

product of all positive integers less than or equal to number

independent events

the occurrence of one event does not affect the probability or occurence of the other

odds

when all outcomes are equally likely

permutation

arrangement of objects in a particular order

solid

3-D figures that do not lie in plane, have height, length, and width

pyramid

a solid with triangular faces that meet at a vertex and a base that is a polygon named for shape of base

prism

a solid with two parallel and congruent faces called bases. named for the shape of it

alternate interior angle

lie within a pair of lines and on opposite sides of the transversal

complementary

two angles that add up to 90 degrees

congruent

exactly the same in size, shape, angle measurement, or length

corresponding angles

lie on the same side of the transversal and in corresponding positions

regular polygon

polygon with all sides congruent and all angles congruent

supplementary

two angles that add up to 180 degrees

vertical angles

formed by two intersecting lines opposite of each other

equation

a mathematical sentence with an equal sign

inequality

a mathematical sentence that contains <,>,≤,≥,≠

like term

terms with exactly the same variable factors

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