1. Where was the golden spike used to complete the railroad that crossed the country?
Promontory Point, Utah
2. Why would a homesteader have cheered the invention of barbed wire?
They needed to keep cattle from destroying their crops
3. Who lost the battle of Little Bighorn?
General George Custer
4. Who was the leader of the Nez Perce Indians?
5. What is the name for the grass-covered dirt used in building homes?
6. What town became a booming center of the cattle industry?
7. What name was the area in Nevada called that was famous for its silver resources?
The Comstock Lode
8. What German immigrant produced rugged pants that miners prized?
9. What were the "gold rushers" called who went to California in the mid-1800s?
10. Under the Homestead Act of 1862, how much land was a person granted?
160 free acres of land
11. What was the significance of the Massacre of Wounded Knee?
It ended the fight against the pioneers by the Plains Indians.
12. The Great American Desert was another name for what section of the country?
The Great Plains
13. What is dry farming?
Small ditches between rows of crops are dug to collect rainfall
14. Why were the reservations a disaster for the Native Americans?
Most reservations were set upon dry, barren lands
15. What two chiefs were leaders at the battle of Little Bighorn?
Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
16. Why did farming and ranching frontiers open up in the West?
Because railroads linked the East to the West with products and markets
17. How would you describe the life of a homesteader on the frontier? (essay)
House would be a dugout in a dirt hill or soddie from grass turf, very few trees, no lumber to build homes, grasshopper swarms, tornadoes, rainstorms were hard on houses, long and hard work, mostly farming work, lonely- not many people around, only family to talk to, boys helped plow, put up fence and care for animals, girls helped mom make clothes, cook and etc, one-room school houses with many grade levels in one class- few books.
18. In what ways were technology and transportation important to the development of farming on the Great Plains? (essay)
Some places had barbed wire- others didn't- cattle would destroy crops and people would steal cattle with no fence
-Wooden plow blades broke often-steal ones didn't
-Bessemer process provided a lot of steal at a good price
-machines made for planting and harvesting
-irrigation with ditches helped farmers plant in dry areas
-trains transported products and people from east to west- they made travel easier, cheaper and faster