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Tyrant

a ruler or person who has complete power and uses it in cruel or unjust ways

Oligarchy

form of government in which a few people have the power

Democracy

a form of government in which citizens govern themselves

Helots

in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state

Solon

abolished debt slavery and freed slaves. limited land allowed to be owned and extended citizenship. stopped the sale of grain. citizens gained more power

Peisistratus

Seized power from Solon and exiled nobles who disagreed with him. He also distributed those nobles' land to poor farmers in need.

Cleisthenes

An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy

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