← Quiz 1 Industrial Revolution Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All What was the industrial Revolution? the replacement of manual labor and hand tools by machines What was life like before the Industrial Revolution? life was centered around farming, people were self-sufficient and grew their own food, people never travelled more than 25 miles from home because transportation was SLOW What was farming like before the Industrial Revolution? farming was done together and everyone helped one another What was the 3 Field System? Fields were divided into 3 fields one was FALLOW or left to rest and the other 2 were used for growing grains What was strip farming? when the fields were divided into small strips and each farmer owned a certain number of strips and all had to plant and harvest at the same time What was the impact of the Enclosure movement on villages? it privatized the land; people put fences around their property and strips of land were replaced with larger fields that were individually owned How did the Enclosure Movement create workers looking for work? some people lost their land and were forced to become poor wage workers What was Crop Rotation? a piece of land that was planted with different crops in succession so that now Farmers could farm all 4 fields at once instead of leaving one in fallow What was the seed drill? put seeds in rows rather than scatter them all around; was more efficient What new crops were grown? Corn and potato How did Crop Rotation, the seed drill, and new crops all cause population growth? food production increased, more food means more people also lived longer so death rates were lower Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain? Britain had all of the necessary factors of production and a stable political and social conditions that supported economic growth What are factors of production? the resources that are needed to produce goods and services, Land, Labor and Capital Factor of Production: Land Natural Resources; large supply of coal, iron, and water power; many rivers for inland transportation Factor of Production: Labor Human Resources; large number of available workers Factor of Production: Capital Economic Resources; had many rich merchants that were ready to invest money in the new inventions What was the cottage industry home-based production of textile / cloth and other goods workers received raw materials from merchants, took the raw materials home and did whatever was required to be done and then returned the finished product What did the Flying Shuttle, Spinning Mule, Spinning Jenny, Water frame and power loom have on the textile industry? Led to the rise of factories because the new machines were too big for homes so the cottage industry came to an end; factories were located by water for power, factories attracted poor unskilled labors What did Richard Arkwright invent? The Water Frame- large spinning machine driven by water What did James Watt invent? The steam engine- was able to located factories anywhere because a boiler would heat the water into steam with a fire fueled by coal What was the impact of the Steam Engine, Steam Boat, better roads and locomotives have on the transportation industry? cheaper transportation, created lots of jobs for railroad workers and miners, boosted agricultural and fishing industries and people traveled more Why was there a need for coal and iron? Iron was used for farming tools, new factory machinery and railways and the steam engine was powered by coal What did Edmund Cartwright invent? The Powerloom-used water power and help to mechanize the production of cloth.