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albin/o

a person with congenital albinism: white hair and milky skin

derm/o, derma/o

skin

erythr/o

red

hidr/o

sweat

kerat/o

cornea

melan/o

black

myc/o

fungus

onych/o

nail

pedicul/o

lice

seb/o

sebum

abrasion

the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice

actinic keratosis

an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun

albinism

the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair

alopecia

loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers

anhidrosis

failure of the sweat glands

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

bulla

the round leaden seal affixed to a papal bull, (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid

carbuncle

an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus

cauterization

the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing

cellulitis

an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain

chloasma

a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives

cicatrix

a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue

comedo

a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin

contusion

an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

debridement

surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing

decubitus ucler

pressure sore, or bed sore, caused by prolonged pressure on an area of the body that interferes with circulation

dermabrasion

removal of scars or tattoos by anesthetizing the skin surface and then sanding or wire-brushing off some of the outer skin layer

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)

dermatoplasty

surgical repair of skin

diaphoresis

the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid

dyschromia

is any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair

dysplastic nevi

atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer

ecchymosis

the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin

eczema

generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin

epithelioma

a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue

erythema

abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)

exfoliative cytology

scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope

furuncle

a painful sore with a hard pus-filled core

gangrene

the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)

granuloma

a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection

hemangioma

benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels

hirsutism

excessive hairiness

hyperhidrosis

excessive and profuse perspiration

impetigo

a very contagious infection of the skin

keloid

raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury

keratosis

a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin

koilonychia

a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon

lipectomy

plastic surgery involving the breakdown and suction of fatty tissue

lipedema

a chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs

lipocytes

fat cells

lipoma

a tumor consisting of fatty tissue

liposuction

surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction

lupus erthematosus

rash on face

macule

a patch of skin that is discolored but not usually elevated

melanoma

any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes

miliaria

obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity

onychia

inflammation of the fingernail or toenail

onychocryptosis

ingrown nail

onychomycosis

fungal infection of a nail

papilloma

a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass

papule

a small inflamed elevation of skin that is nonsuppurative (as in chicken pox)

paronychia

low-growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants

pediculosis

infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching

petechiae

Small, pinpoint hemorrhages

pruritus

an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)

psoriasis

a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales

pupura

purple

purulent

having undergone infection

putrefaction

(biology) decaying caused by bacterial or fungal action

rhinophyma

enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin

rhytidectomy

plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face

rosacea

a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance

scabies

a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite

scleroderma

genus of poisonous fungi having hard-skinned fruiting bodies: false truffles

seborrhea

a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily

seborrheic keratosis

a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust

subungual hematoma

blood trapped under a finger or toenail

tinea

infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches

urticaria

an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins

verrucae

small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus; warts

vesicle

a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)

vitiligo

an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)

wheal

a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)

xeroderma

a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin

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