S.S. Chap. 18- Southern Africa Vocab

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Kalahari Desert

high, vast arid plateau in southwestern Africa, composing most of Botswansa with parts in Namibia and South Africa

Namib Desert

desert in southwestern Africa in southwester Angola through Namibia to the border between Namibia and South Africa

Zambezi River

African river that flows into the Indian Ocean

Orange River

largest river in South Africa which starts in Drakensberg Mountains in northeastern Lesotho and flows westward to the Atlantic Ocean

Okavango River

river in southwest Africa

Cape of Good Hope

cape at southern tip of Africa

Drakensburg Mountains

mountain range in Southern Africa through Lesotho and parts of South Africa

escarpment

steep face at the edge of a plateau or other raised area

veld

open grassland areas in South Africa

pan

low, flat area

natural resource

any material in nature that people use and value

renewable resource

resource Earth replaces naturally

nonrenewable resource

resource that can't be replaced naturally

sanctions

economical or political penalties imposed by one country on another to try to force a policy change

apartheid

South Africa's government policy of the separation of races that was abandoned in the '80s and '90s. Means "apartness"

townships

crowded clusters of small homes in South Africa outside of cities where black South Africans live

homelands

person's or people's native land

Afrikaners

Dutch, French and German settlers and their descendants in South Africa

Boers

Afrikaner frontier farmers in South Africa

African National Congress

South African political party and black nationalist group that was banned from 1960-90 but was victorious in the first democratic elections in South Africa in 1994 when its leader, Nelson Mandela, became he country's first president.

enclave

small territory surrounded by foreign territory

Lesotho

country completely surrounded by South Africa

Swaziland

country almost completely surrounded by South Africa

Zulu

member of a South African people in KwaZulu-Natal province

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