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micro terms ch 24 Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. synthetic drug
  2. macrolides
  3. Quinolones and fluoroquinolones
  4. neosporin
  5. vancomycin
  1. a kills bacteria in the intestines; inhibits cell wall synthesis but drug of last resort because it can cause damage to ears and kidneys; is resisted by enterococcus
  2. b used against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)
  3. c block DNA synthesis in bacteria; broad spectrum; urinary tract infections; ex. ciprofloxacin, nofloxacin
  4. d drug synthesized in the pharmaceutical lab; like prontosil and salvarsan
  5. e mix of bacitracin, polymyxin; and neomycin

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. increase membrane permeability of gram negative bacteria; topical use
  2. broader spectrum alternative to penicillins; gram positive and gram negative; resistant to many beta lactamases; cefixime
  3. ability to produce the necessary or desired result
  4. used against gram negative infections of the urinary tract
  5. derived from a lincosamide; used against penicillin resistant bacteria; typically kills microbiota causing pseudomembranous colitis

5 True/False Questions

  1. Florey and Chainderived from a lincosamide; used against penicillin resistant bacteria; typically kills microbiota causing pseudomembranous colitis

          

  2. chemotherapeutic agentstoxic dose divided by therapeutic dose (all per kg body weight)

          

  3. ethambutolinterferes with nucleic acid synthesis in RNA synthesis; effective against tb, leprosy, meningitis; causes liver damage; used with Isoniazid and Ethambutol

          

  4. aminoglycosidesused against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)

          

  5. monobactamsactive against aerobic, gram negative rods; narrow spectrum; low toxicity; used for noscomial diseases and bacterial meningitis

          

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