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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. ethambutol
  2. kanamycin
  3. alternate metabolic pathway
  4. gentamicin
  5. synthetic drug
  1. a drug synthesized in the pharmaceutical lab; like prontosil and salvarsan
  2. b used in wound tissue
  3. c inhibits mycolic acid from being incorporated into the cell wall in mycobacteria; narrow spectrum; combined with rifampin and isoniazid
  4. d resistance to sulfonamides may develop if the bacterial enzyme changes or if the bacteria evolves an alternate metabolic pathway
  5. e used against gram negative infections of the urinary tract

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. inhibits the peptide crosslinking of carbohydrates between peptidoglycan layers during wall formation
  2. chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat infectious disease
  3. kills bacteria in the intestines; inhibits cell wall synthesis but drug of last resort because it can cause damage to ears and kidneys; is resisted by enterococcus
  4. broad spectrum; used for tb; can cause auditory damage
  5. bacteria may evolve the ability to prevent drug entry into the cytoplasm or to pump the drug out of the cytoplasm

5 True/False questions

  1. Alexander Flemingreisolated and purified penicillin for use as an antimicrobial drug

          

  2. neosporinmix of bacitracin, polymyxin; and neomycin

          

  3. antibiotic resistance testtube dilution method, agar disk diffusion

          

  4. penicillinaseinhibits the peptide crosslinking of carbohydrates between peptidoglycan layers during wall formation

          

  5. Isoniazidinterferes with mycolic acid in cell wall synthesis of mycobacteria; narrow spectrum; usually combined with rifampin and ethambutol; limited to tuberculosis

          

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