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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. tetracyclines
  2. therapeutic dose
  3. penicillinase
  4. streptomycin
  5. monobactams
  1. a concentration of a drug that eliminates pathogens in the host
  2. b inactivates penicillin by opening the beta lactam ring
  3. c broad spectrum including chlamydias and rickettsais; destroy intestinal microbiota and cause staining of teeth; bind with calcium; put in animal feed
  4. d active against aerobic, gram negative rods; narrow spectrum; low toxicity; used for noscomial diseases and bacterial meningitis
  5. e broad spectrum; used for tb; can cause auditory damage

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. drugs partly of laboratory origin and partly of microbial origin; improve the natural product; reduce side effects
  2. reisolated and purified penicillin for use as an antimicrobial drug
  3. interferes with nucleic acid synthesis in RNA synthesis; effective against tb, leprosy, meningitis; causes liver damage; used with Isoniazid and Ethambutol
  4. intestinal infections; broad spectrum; ointments
  5. inhibits mycolic acid from being incorporated into the cell wall in mycobacteria; narrow spectrum; combined with rifampin and isoniazid

5 True/False Questions

  1. antibiotic inactivationtube dilution method, agar disk diffusion

          

  2. Alexander Flemingaccidentally discovered penicillium mold; discovered it could kill some gram positive bacteria

          

  3. macrolidesused against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)

          

  4. antibiotic resistance testtube dilution method, agar disk diffusion

          

  5. oxazolidinonesused against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)

          

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