The angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator.
The angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England
Greek, connected tides to moon.
Estimated circumference of the earth and the distances to the moon and sun, first to calculate tilt of Earth's axis, invented leap day, created map of world.
Vikings: Leif Eriksson
First person to come to North America before Columbus.
upright wall within the hull of a ship, it increased the structural rigidity and could contain water incase of hull break to help keep the ship afloat.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China
This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world, Portuguese.
Created the "Marine Chronometer" which estimated one's exact longitude at sea.
English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands
The ship in which Captain James Cook made his second and third voyages of exploration in the Pacific.
Printed the first map of the Gulf Stream.
Ship that carried Charles Darwin on his legendary voyage
Matthew Fontaine Maury
proposed the existence of the mid-Atlantic ridge, known as the "father of physical oceanography".
The first oceanographic expedition to circumnavigate the world and it was considered the first "modern" oceanographic expedition.
Voyage of the Fram
Created to journey to the North Pole
Voyages of the Carnegie
A ship that was made of non-magnetic materials so that it could take measurements of terrestrial magnetism.
Took deepest sounding and collected deep-sea water samples.
Major drilling vessel