A devise invented by Sameul Morse used to communicate at a distance over telegraph wires (usually in Morse code).
A telegraph code in which letters and numbers are represented by dots and dashes (short and long signals).
Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it was built by two companies, the Union pacific and the Central Pacific. It linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, which made traveling and transporting goods easier.
An unfair, negative opinion that can lead to unfair treatment.
a breed of sturdy, long-horned cows that lives in Texas that can live far from water and eat nothing but grass
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of land in the plains to any settler who would farm the land for five years. AFter that, it would be theirs.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
A former Tennessee slave who urged blacks to come to Kansas in 1870's.
A group of African Americans who traveled to the Great Plains in search of a better and safer life and community.
A name given to Great Plains farmers because they had to break through so much thick soil, called sod, in order to farm.
The amount of goods a consumer wants.
The amount of goods that is ready to sell.
The cattle drives were the forced migration of massive numbers of cattle led by cowhands to the railheads where they could be shipped to the East.
A strong, twisted and twined wire that had a barb, or a sharp point every few inches.
Land set aside by the U.S. government for Native Americans.
Battle of Little Bighorn
A battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans caused by the discover of gold in the Blaack Hills(1876).
Leader of Nez Perce (original, Cherokee). Fled with his tribe to Canada to avoid reservations. However, U.S. troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations.
A business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts.
When businesses compete for profit and costumers.
(economics) A market in which there are many buyers but only one seller.
An organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members.
United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) from 1886 to 1924.
Mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs and religion.
An island in New York Bay that was the immigration station for mainly Europeans.
The immigration station on the west coast where Asian immigrants, mostly Chinese gained admission to the U.S. at San Francisco Bay. Questioning and conditions at Angel Island were much harsher than Ellis Island in New York.
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics.
Poorly built, overcrowded housing where many immigrants lived.
A fenced area where large numbers of animals such as hogs and cattle are kept until they are used as food or moved to another place.
Poor, crowded, and run-down urban neighborhoods.
A center in an underprivileged area that provides community services.
Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way grovernment works.
One who spreads unpleasant truths about another (usually for political advantage).
(1920) Extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans.
The Great Migration
The movement when African Americans moved to the North for jobs and oppurtunities.
The occasion when workers refuse to work for better wages and benefits.