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chapter 11 lesson 2 notes

Middle Ages

Took place from AD 500, following the fall of Rome to about the 1500's

Charlemagne

Formed western europe into a new empire and spread christianity.

Charlemagne

made his court a center of learning by filling it with scholars, poets and musicians.

stages in knights training

page, squire, knight

Page

begins at age 7

Squire

short church ceremony, marked taking this step. Blessed by a priest and given a sword and a belt

Knight

Marks graduation by fasting and prayer the night before ceremony

duties of a serf

work the land, pay rent and taxes to their master and ask for permission to marry

craft worker

home-based, family-owned and run, with the father making goods and family members helping in making and selling of goods

vikings

invaders from scandinavia who sacked european towns

Feudalism

Made lords and vassals dependent on one another, because the lords needed soldiers, which the vassal provided, while vassals needed a means of a support

Guilds

business associations that dominated medieval towns; they passed laws, levied taxes, built protective walls for the city, etc. Made rules that set quality and training standards

Troubadours

travleing performers singing about chivalriss deeds performed by knights for ladies

Minstrels

medieval poet and musician who sang or recited while accompanying himself on a stringed instrument

Nobles

people from rich and powerful families

King John I

Was the King of England who was forced to sign the Magna Carta because of his cruel behavior and abuse of his absolute power.

Magna carta

the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215

Renaissance

A period of rebirth because it renewed interest in the achievements of ancient times and it made people feel more confident in their abilities and possibilities

Florence Traders

Traveled far for things such as spices and silk.

Medici Family

Gained it's wealth through banking and trading

Petrarch

Found his models and inspiration for his writing in classical literature

Michelangelo

Italian Renaissance sculpture, painter, poet and architect

Leonardo DaVinci

renaissance artist, inventor and scientist who created Mona Lisa

Copernicus

Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)

Humanism

the cultural movement of the Renaissance that raised questions about traditional beliefs

Martin Luther

a German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking the church practices.

Johannes Gutenberg

Revolutionized communications by developing a printing press

John Calvin

Clergyman in Geneva, Switzerland and preached and wrote about a severe form of Christianity. He drew up stern laws both for his followers and for city government.

Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England from 1558 to 1603. English renaissance flourished during her reign.

Spanish Armada

the Spanish fleet that attempted to invade England, ending in disaster, due to the raging storm in the English Channel as well as the smaller and better English navy led by Francis Drake. This is viewed as the decline of Spains Golden Age, and the rise of England as a world naval power.

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