Jainism

Created by lauren_mc2 

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Ahimsa

the principle of noninjury, nonviolence, and respect for all life

Angabahya

subsidiary scriptural writings containing commentaries and eulogistic works praising Jain leaders and saints, as well as the Great Renunciation and Enlightenment of Mahavira; accepted by Svetambara Jains

Angas

Literally, 'limbs'; the central scriptures of Svetambara Jainism

Digambara

means 'sky-clad' and refers to those Jain monks who wander naked

Hisma

violence or injury to life

Jina

a conqueror or victor; one who has attained enlightenment or infinite insight. this word is the ROOT from which the work Jainism is derived. It may also be used as a synonym for tirthankara5

Jiva

the spirit contained within all living things, be they human, animal, or plant6

Karma-Matter

the substance that contaminates a person's soul as the consequence of evil deeds, causing the soul to sink in the universe and on the scale of existence7

Kevala-Jnana

enlightenment which involves the gaining of infinite knowledge8

Mahavira

the title(and name) of the founder of Jainism, meaning 'great one'; also known as Vardhamana9

Monad

a human soul10

Nigantha Nataputta

another name for Mahavira found in Buddhist literature11

Patna

a village near the site of Mahavira's death; one of the most holy places to Jains and hence the goal of pilgrimages12

Sadhu

a Jain monk13

Siddhanta

the sole body of Digambara Jain scripture14

Surabhi

In Jain mythology, the first cow; considered to be one of the original treasures to appear on earth15

Svetambara

means 'white-clad' and refers to those Jain monks who wear a white robe or loincloth16

Tirthankara

means 'ford-finder'. Mahavira is considered the twenty-fourth and last 'ford-finder' of this aeon. he, like the previous ones, found the way to gain release from the wheel and has shown this way to others17

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