computer vocabulary

45 terms by stessdre

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

access

to get at or into

application

a computer program that does a user oriented job

calculate

to figure, as to add, subtract, multiply, and so on

character

a single letter, digit, or special symbol such as ?, #, or *

chip

an intregrated circuit.A thin piece of silicon that contains all the componets of an electronic circuit

command

a message from the user to the computer that tells it what to do next.

compatible

a term that describes hardware and software that can work together

computer

a device used to accept, process, store, and get information

cursor

a symbol, such as a square or underline bar, that shows where you are on the screen:the cursor may flash or blink

data

the symbols used to present facts, events, or things; the raw material of information

data processing

a set of methods for collecting, handling, and outputting data to reach certain goals

disk

a flat, circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material and used for storing data

disk drive

the device used to store data on a disk and to read what it stored on a disk

expansion slot

a connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circuit boards daughter boards to the mother board

floppy disk

the nickname given to flexible magnetic disks

hard copy

output that is printed on paper

hardware

the physical parts of the computer system that you can touch and feel such as the keyboard , monitor , and computer case

information

a set of data that has meaning and is useful

input

the step in the data processing flow during which data is collected and entered into the computer

integrated circuit

circuitry whose parts are etched together on a small silicon chip less than one fourth of an inch square

keyboard

an input device that usually has keys like those on a typewriter

kilobyte

2^10 storage units (1024 bytes) often rounded to 1000; a measure of computer memory

load

to put a program into a a computers primary memory from a disk or tape

megahertz

a measure of speed, one million cycles per second

memory

a place to store information; usually coded in a binary format; see RAM,ROM

menu

a list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command or data to enter into the computer

microcomputer

a complete computer that has relatively few electronic parts and peripheral devices

monitor

a video display device or screen used for showing output

motherboard

the main circuit board of a computer housing the microprocessor and providing the means of connecting all the components that make up the computer. Provides a means for adding special control units such as sound boards to the computer via expansion slots or sockets

mouse

a computer input device used as a pointing and drawing instrument by selecting specific positions on the monitor display

output

the step in the data processing flow in which information comes from a computer as a result of processing

peripheral device

a device that is attached to the computer and aids in input and/or output

primary memory

the section of the computer that holds instuctions, data, and intermediate and final results during processing: also known as internal storage, main storage, primary storage, or random access memory

printer

a machine that prints characters or other images on paper

processing

the second step of the data processing flow in which the computer acts on data

program

a set of step by step instructions that tell a computer exactly how to do a certain task

programming language

a code in which a computer program is written

random access memory

form of primary memory in which instructions and data can be read, written, or erased

read

term used to describe the computers activity of getting an item in memory and interpreting it

read only memory

form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input

scanner

a machine that changes images from paper or photos into digital form that the computer can use

secondary storage

all storage materials other than primary memory

simulation

a c~mpuler program that imitates a real world situation: it can show what happens when conditions in that situation are changed

soft copy

a temporary display of output seen on a monitor

software

programs, or instuctions, that tell a computer exactly what to do

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set