compatibility-with child-care theory
An explanation for the gender division of labor that suggests that women's work will typically involve tasks that do not take women far from home for long periods, do not place children in potential danger if they are taken along, and can be stopped and resumed in an infant needs care.
An explanation for the gender division of labor that suggests that it may be advantageous for a gender to do tasks that follow in a production sequence; it may also be advantageous for one gender to perform tasks that are located near each other.
An explanation for the gender division of labor that suggests that men, rather than women, will tend to do the dangerous work in a society because the loss of men is less disadvantageous reproductively than the loss of women.
Differences between females and males that reflect cultural expectations and experiences.
Roles that are culturally assigned to genders.
The degree of unequal access by the different genders to prestige, authority, power, rights, and economic resources.
primary subsistence activities
All of the food-getting activities; gathering, hunting, fishing, herding, and agriculture.
secondary subsistence activities
Activities that involve the preparation and processing of food either to make it edible or to store it.
The typical differences between females and males that are most likely due to biological differences.
Refers to a species in which males differ markedly from females in size and appearance.
An explanation for the gender division of labor suggesting that men's work typically involves tasks requiring greater strength and greater aerobic work capacity.