What was the 2nd Great Awakening? pg 218
a time of nationwide revival that happened in the 1st half of the 19th century
Describe a typical camp meetings. How did camp meetings influence the frontier?
it was a religious service of several day's length, held outdoors, as McGready described it. The services began in the evening and consisted of powerful preaching, prayer and singing. Thousands were saved and many lives were changed.
What did the Methodist denomination encourage?
1) the participation of the whole congregation
2) regular bible study
3) submission to the will of God
Describe the average circuit-rider preacher and his ministry.
they took regular roads on horseback, and preached to frontiers men, used simple illustrations to show biblical stuff.
When and why was the American Bible Society founded?
founded in 1816, to put a bible in every frontiers home
When and why was the American Tract Society founded?
founded in 1825, men traveled the country preaching the gospel and selling or giving away tracts and Christian books
leader of Methodist preachers who became a circuit rider
a circuit rider who preached the gospel to frontiers men in Kentucky and Tennessee
a Presbyterian preacher from North Carolina
Name the man most responsible for revival during the 2nd Great Awakening. How did his professional background aid him in his preaching? pg 221
Charles G. Finney, as a lawyer, he made a clear and compelling case of the individual's guilt before God and his need to receive Jesus Christ as savior
How did missionaries help the Native Americans?
1) to live in peace with other tribes
2) to support their families through farming and other practical occupations
3) to read, especially the bible
Name the only North American tribe to develop their own written language.
Who founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church. When?
Richard Allen in the 1st part of the 19th century
What people of the bible did the slaves identify with?
the Hebrew children
What did God give the slaves for physical freedom?
he gave them the ability of spiritual freedom
he gave them spiritual freedom 1st
a Cherokee who invented a written language for his people
Trail of Tears
a long journey made by the Indians to Oklahoma
a free black man with great abilities, grew up among the Scots-Irish Presbyterians of North Carolina
Purchased by the Alabama Baptist Convention, an evangelist
accepted Christ as his Savior on a Virginia plantation and used an old spelling book to learn how to read
where slaves learned to develop patience to wait upon the Lord and discover that the truest freedom is freedom from the bondage of sin
Describe some of the teachings of the Unitarianism. pg 223
a false religion that denied Christ. they also denied mans sin nature and taught instead that human nature is essentially good.
Name the religion Ralph Waldo Emerson founded. Describe some of its teachings.
transcendentalism, a person could transcend or overcome reason by trusting in himself and his abilities. they believed that man is divine and can rely on himself
Who wrote Walden?
Henry David Thoreau
What is a cult? What basic error do all cults have in common?
counterfeit church groups that go under the guise of Christianity, the error is they teach salvation by works rather than salvation by grace through faith
Why did socialism fail at New Harmony and Brooks Farm?
some worked harder than others but they all got the same amount of money, soon waste and inefficiency plagued the community
a system in which all property is owned in common by the people
A British textile mill owner who founded a community known as New Harmony in Indiana
Describe Hawaiian culture before 1778. pg 228
a heathen people devoted to superstitution, and human sacrifice, and idol worship
What stipulation was put on the missionaries who came to teach the new religion?
They were to teach the new religion to the rulers before teaching it to the people.
What was the crowning achievement of the American missionaries?
The translation and publication of the bible in the language of the people. and the creation of a written Hawaiian Language
What is special about the Hawaiian National Hymn?
It expresses the influence of Christianity upon Hawaii's development.
What title was given to to Adoniram Judson as a result of the work he did?
Known as the "Father of American Missions"
What title was given to Lott Carey for his work in West Africa?
Known as the "Father of Western African Missions"
Who sent Commodore Perry to Japan?
President Mildred Fillmore
Why were missionaries eager for Japan to open up to trade?
To teach them about Christianity, begin missionary work
How did Johnathon Goble learn Japanese?
from a young Japanese boy who had stowed away on a boat.
Which treaty opened Japan to Christian missionaries?
The Townsend Harris Treaty
a graduate of Andover, helped organize a variety of missionary projects
Captain of the British Navy, discovered the Hawaiian Islands in 1778
king of Hawaii, began a bloody war in 1782 which ultimately united all but 2 of the main islands under his rule.
became king of Hawaii as Kamehameha 2, abolished the Pagen religion
Liholiho successor, did a great job to encourage the accceptence of Christianity among the islanders
a colony founded by Lott Carey in West Africa
Carey's friend and associate preacher, he volunteered to go with him to Africa
the capital city of Liberia where Carey and Teague preached the gospel, started a church, and built schools
a missionary who told Commodore Perry that the Emperor viewed all white men as invaders
gathered people for the Emperor's delegation
an invention, invented by an American Missionary to help his wife walk after she got ill
a devout Christian, became the 1st ambassador to Japan
To what did Lincoln compare dependence on "the bottle"? pg 231
slavery experienced by many black people
Who started New York City's 1st Sunday School program?
Catherine (Katy) Ferguson
Before local charities and hospitals appeared, who helped the poor, sick, and homeless?
Name 2 women who helped organize the 1st women's rights convention?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
Who founded the 1st settlement house in New York City? What was it called?
Phoebe Palmer, it was called Five Points Mission
American Temperence Union
united temperence societies groups and distributed tracts warning against strong drink
Chief Little Turtle
chief of the Miami indians in the Ohio River Valley influneced President Jefferson to ask the Ohio legislature to stop the sale of liquor to the Indians
an Indian leader, organized the large Iroquois nation to combat the liquor trade among the indians
Cherokee Temperence Society
the group sent out Indian evangelists to preach against alcohol
Susan B. Anthony
joined the women's rights movement in 1851, lecturing in many of the northern states
the right to vote
a former slave from New York whose real name is Isabella Baumfree lectured against slavery under this name
did much to improve the treatment of the mentally ill