← Chapter 14 Great Depression Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All New Deal The _____ was Roosevelt's plan for getting out of the Depression (relief, recovery, and reform). Fear What FDR said we should fear. Hundred The 1st _______ days Roosevelt was in office. This was a time of many new programs to try to improve the economy. Bank Holiday ______ ______- time when Roosevelt closed all U.S. banks to see if the banks were financially healthy. He wanted to restore confidence in the banking system. FDIC The _____ insured bank deposits up to $2,500 initially. Abbreviation SEC The _____ regulated the stock market.Abbreviation FERA Roosevelt's relief organization called _____ which helped people find jobs.Abbreviation Public works programs _____ were government-funded projects to build public facilities. CWA The _____ employed 4 million workers to build roads, parks, airports, and other facilities.Abbreviation CCC The _____ put _2.5_ million young, unmarried men to work maintaining forests, beaches, and parks.Abbreviation FHA The _____ was created to improve housing standards and conditions and to insure mortgages (loans).Abbreviation AAA The _____ raised farm prices by paying subsidies or government financial assistance to farmers who cut production of certain crops.Abbreviation TVA The _____ provided cheap electric power, flood control, and recreational opportunities to the entire Tennessee Valley. Abbreviation Brain trust _____- informal group of intellectuals who were FDR's advisers. Frances Perkins President Roosevelt appointed the 1st woman cabinet member when he appointed _____ as Sec. of Labor. Eleanor Roosevelt Her husband's greatest adviser who worked for woman's rights. NRA Some "New Deal" legislation failed and the Supreme Court said the _____ was unconstitutional.Abbreviation Second New Deal The _____ went into effect. This caused more social welfare, benefits, stricter control over business, stronger support for unions, and higher taxes on the rich. Social Security The _____ _________ Act provided a national pension for the retired, disabled, and the unemployed was passed in 1935. Alfred Landon Roosevelt won re-election in 1936 when he defeated _____, the Republican, by a landslide. Huey Long; 1$; $5 _____ was another demagogue. He wanted to limit individual income to __ million and inheritance to __ million and then redistribute the wealth. Supreme Court Roosevelt lost some popularity by trying to pack the _______ ________with liberal justices by raising the number of justices in office. He was later forced to drop the idea when the Republican and southern Democrats sided together. recession _____- a period of slow business activity. 36% Union membership rose about 7.5 million people during the Depression and by 1935 some __ of Americans were unionized. unconstitutional The Supreme Court eventually declared some of the New Deal Programs _____. Radio __________became a major source of entertainment during the Depression where people gathered around them for fireside chats, shows, and soaps. WPA The _____ provided numerous jobs for unemployed artists, musicians, historians, theater people, and writers.Abbreviation SEC This program protected investors.Abbreviation Hoovervilles shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards. Red Cross Clara Barton founded this relief organization in in 1881 that assisted people during the Great Depression. speculation One of the causes of the Great Depression where an investment that is very risky but could yield great profits Black Tuesday October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929 bull market a market characterized by rising prices for securities bear market a market characterized by falling prices for securities margin Buying on ________ means purchasing stocks on credit with a loan from a banker. Great Depression a severe, world wide economic crisis which lasted from the end of 1929 to the outbreak of World War II. Hoover President that initially believed in a hands off approach in dealing with the depression. Dust Bowl Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages. Bonus Army Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their government war bonuses in cash fireside chats informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people Fair Labor Standards Act Sets minimum wage, requires over-time pay for time worked over 40 hours, and restricts the employment of minors. Okies migrants from Oklahoma to California during the dust bowl Lou Gehrig ____ _____ said the following: "Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about a bad break I got. Yet today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the earth." Jesse Owens African American who won 4 gold medals at the Olympic games in Germany in 1936. Soaps These radio shows like the Guiding Light became popular during the 1930's and were named after their original advertising sponsors.