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annexation

to join a new territory to an existing country

imperialism

stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations

jingoism

intense burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy

racism

a belief that differences in character or intelligence are due to one's race.

dollar diplomacy

Taft; policy of encouraging American investment in foreign economies.

big stick diplomacy

Roosevelt's plan.

Roosevelt Corollary

President Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine; asserted the right of the US to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations

Open Door Policy

American approach to China around 1900, favoring open trade relations between China and other nations.

Panama Canal

French gets rights to build Canal (cut shipping time in half); T. Roosevelt becomes president; Congress offers to buy rights from France for $40 mil; US backed Panamanian Rebellion begins; US gets land for 10 mil; construction begins and opens in 1914.

Theodore Roosevelt

Former President; adds to Monroe Doctrine; supporter of big stick diplomacy; starts progressive party (BULL MOOSE)

nationalism

US competing for territory markets and materials with other Euro. nations.

arbitration

settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides and come to a decision.

expansionism

expanding U.S.'s interests in other society's or countries

Platt Amendment

Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.

William Taft

TR's secretary of war, passes Payne-Acdricih tariff, fires Pinchot.

Sanford Dole

Business man; leads armed rebellion.

Perry

sails to Tokyo Harbor

Queen Liliuokalani

opposes US; Hawaii annexed in 1898

Progressivism

not one single movement but many people working to improve society; 4 categories: social, moral, economic, and political.

muckraker

journalist who uncovers wrongdoing in politics/ business

injunction

court order prohibiting a certain activity

municipal

relating back to city level

holding company

firm that buys stocks and bonds of smaller companies; TR's Northern Securities -- 42 anti-trust actions

conservationist

person who favors the protection of natural resources

"new nationalism"

Theodore R's plan for greater federal regulation of business and workplaces, income and inheritance taxes, electoral reforms.

Bull Moose Party

Progressive Party; TR; tariff reductions, women suffrage, more regulation of business; supported by many women.

Federal Reserve System

Nation's central banking system; 1913; divided country into 12 districts, central banks for each region

Civil Disobedience

Non-violent refusal to obey a law in an effort to change that law.; during war- couldn't criticize government or go against the war and its motives.

suffrage

right to vote

Upton Sinclair

1906's The Jungle--food industry conditions and conditions of workers

Florence Kelly

joined Hull House; gets law degree, helps to end child labor

Mother Jones

organizes miners' strike; founding member of IWW

Woodrow Wilson

president during WW1, declares War on Germany

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

fought for Women's suffrage

Imperialism

stronger nations attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations; grows from economic, nationalistic, military, and humanitarian factors. (France and Britain already ahead of game)

Nationalism

when countries such as great powers act in their own national interest; devotion to one's nation.

Militarism

aggressively building a nation using armed forces

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary

Allies

Russia, France, Serbia, Britain

Stalemate

situation in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage

U- Boat

submarines, hunt in packs, go after military and merchant ships

Zimmerman Note

Secret letter from Germany to Mexico; mediate relations with Japan and to help them win back old territories from US

American Expeditionary Force

name given to American troops in WW1

Convoy

group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of armed naval bases.

Liberty Bond

special war bond sold by the government to support Allied cause

Sedition

speech or action that encourages rebellion.

civil liberties

citizen's personal liberties guaranteed by law

Armistice

a cease-fire of truce.

Archduke Ferdinand

shot by someone against his ideas

Pershing

orders counter offensive towards German's attempt to break stalemate

How does racism relate to imperialism and anti-imperialism?

Leaders drew on the idea of social Darwinism and the fact that there race was superior to justify new territories.
ex: Native Americans

How did progressivism affect the role of the federal gov't?

Government was expected to :
be accountable for the people
control power of wealthy
expand to help people
be more efficient/ less corrupt

How did civil liberties restrict the war?

illegal to obstruct the sale of Liberty Bonds, or to discuss anything "disloyal or abusive" about government, the Constitution, or army.

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