Computer App Vocab

46 terms by barretchr 

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Vocabular

Access

To get at or into.

Application

A computer program that does a user-oriented job.

Calculate

To figure

Character

A single letter, digit, or special symbol

Chip

An intergrated circuit

Command

A message from the user to the computer

Compatible

A term that describes hardware and software that can work together

Computer

A device used to accept, process, store, and get information

cursor

A symbol, such as a square or unerline bar, that shows where you are on the screen the cursor may flash or blink

Data

The symbols used to represent facts, events, or things; the raw material of information

Data Processing

A set of methods for collecting, handling, and outputting data to reach certain goals.

Disk

A flat, circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material and used for storing data.

disk drive

The device used to store data on a disk and to read what is sotred on a disk.

Expansion slot

A connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circuit boards-----daughter boards----to the motherboard

Floppy Disk

A reusable magnetic storage medium that uses a thin mylar circular disk as the storage surface

hard copy

Output that is printed on paper.

Hardware

The pysical parts that make up a computer system for example, keyboards, printers, monitors

Information

A set of data that has meaning and is useful

Input

the step in the data processing flow during which data is collected and entered into the computer

Intergrated Circuit

Circuitry whose parts are etched together on a small silicon chip less than one-fourth of an inch square

Keyboard

An input device that usually has keys like on a typewriter

kilobyte

storage units

Load

Top put a program into a computers primary memory from a disk or tape

Megaherts

A measure of speed, one million cycles per second

Memory

A place to store information usually coded in a binary format

Menu

A list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command or data to enter into the computer

Microcomputer

A complete computer that has relatively few electronic parts and peripheral devices

Monitor

A video displat device or screen used for showing output

Motherboard

The main circuit board of a computer housing the micropprcessor and providing the means of connecting all the compenents that make up the computer

Mouse

An input device that is rolled on a smooth surface to much the cursor.

Output

The step in the data processing flow in which information comes from a comptuer as a result of processing

peripheral device

A device that is attached to the computer and aids in input and/or ouput..

Primary Memory

The section of a computer that holds instructions data, and intermediate and final results during processing; also known as internal storage, main storage, primary storage, or random access memory

printer

A machine that prints characters or other images on paper..

Processing

The seconds step of the data processing flow in which the computer acts on data.

program

A set of step-bystep instructions that tell a computer exactly how to do a certain task.

Programming language

A code in which a computer program is written

Random Access Memory

Form of primary memory in which instructions and data can be read, written or erased

read

Term used to describe the computers activity of getting an item in memory and interpreting it

Read Only Memory

Form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input

Scanner

A machine that changes images from paper or photos into digital form that the computer can use.

Secondary storage

All storage materials other than primary memory

Simulation

A cmpuler program that imitates a real world situationl it can show what happens when conditions in that situation are changed.

Soft Copy

A temporary display of output seen on a monitor

software

Programs of instruction, that tell a computer exactly what to do

Storage

The idea that programs can be stored in a computers primary memory and can be changed electronically rather than by resetting switches and rewiring the computer

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