Computer Vocabulary

35 terms by abuanlor

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Access

To get at or into

Application

a computer program that does a user oriented job

Calculate

to figure, as to add, subtract, multiply, and so on

Character

a single letter, digit, or special symbol such as ?, #, or *.

Chip

an intergrated circuit. a thin piece of silicon that contains all the components
of a electrecal circuit

Command

a message from the user to the computer and tells it what to do next

Compatible

a term that describes hardware and software that can work together

Computer

a device used to accept, process, store, and get information

Cursor

a symbol, such as a square or underline bar , that shows where you are on
the screen; the cursor may flash or blink

Data

the symbols used tor epresent facts, events, or things; the raw information

Data processing

a set of methods for collecting, handling, and outputting data to reach certain
goals

disk

a flat circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material and used
for storing data

disk drive

the device used to store data on a disk and to read what is stored in it

Expansion slot

A connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circuit
boards-daughter boards-to the motherboard.

Floppy disk

a reusable magnetic storage medium that uses a thin mylar circular disk as
the storage surface

hard copy

output that is printed on paper

hardware

the physical parts that make up a computer system-for example, keyboards,
printers, monitors, and so on.

information

a set of data that has meaning and is useful

input

the step in the data processing flow during which data is collected and
entered into the computer.

integrated circuit

circuitry whose parts are etched together on a small silicon chip less than one
fourth of a inch square

keyboard

an input device that usually has keys like those on a typewriter

kilobyte

1024 (2^10) storage units (1024 bytes) often rounded to 1000; a measure of
computer memory

load

to put a program into a computers primary memory from a disk or tape

Megahertz

a measure of speed, one million cycles per sec

Memory

a place to store information ; usually coded in binary format; see RAM, ROM

Menu

a list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command
or data to enter into the computer

microcomputer

a complete computer that has relativitly few electronic parts and peripheral
devices

moniter

a video display or screen used for showing output

motherboard

the main circuit board of a computer housing the microsprocesser and
providing the means of connecting all the components that make up the
computer

mouse

a computer input device used as a pointing and drawing instrument by selecting specific positions on the moniter display

output

the computer generated information that is displayed to the user in some
discernable form such as screen display, printed page or sound

peripheral device

a device that is attached to the computer and aids in input and/or output

primary memory

the section of a computer that holds instructions, dats, snd intermidiate and final results during processing; also known as internal storage, main storage, primary storage, or random access memory.

printer

a machine that prints characters or images on paper

program

a set of step by step instructions that tell a computer exactly how to do a certain task

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