A poetic device in which a word in the middle of a line rhymes with a word at the end of the same metrical line.
A prayer or address made to the one of the nine muses of Greco-Roman mythology, in which the poet asks for the inspiration, skill, knowledge, or appropriate mood to create a poem worthy of his subject-matter.
(1)Verbal :a trope in which a speaker makes a statement in which its actual meaning differs sharply from the meaning that the words ostensibly express. (2)Dramatic (the most important type for literature) involves a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not know. (3)situational is a trope in which accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate, However, both the victim and the audience are simultaneously aware of the situation in situational irony
a metaphorical compound word or phrase (as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry
(1)A short poem (usually no more than 50-60 lines, and often only a dozen lines long) written in a repeating stanzaic form, often designed to be set to music and expresses the feelings, perceptions, and thoughts of a single poetic speaker (2)Any poem having the form and musical quality of a song (3)can also be applied to any prose or verse characterized by direct, spontaneous outpouring of intense feeling.
A comparison or analogy stated in such a way as to imply that one object is another one, figuratively speaking
expresses an argument--often using wild flights of logic and unusual comparisons.
A recognizable though varying pattern of stressed syllables alternating with syllables of less stress (called a foot). Systematically arranged and measured rhythm in verse
Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea, also applies to the object itself used to suggest that more general idea
Heroicomical poem that merely imitates features of the classical epic. The poet often takes an elevated style of language, but incongruously applies that language to mundane or ridiculous objects and situations. focuses frequently on the exploits of an antihero whose activities illustrate the stupidity of the class or group he represents. Various other attributes common to the classical epic, such as the invocation of the muse or the intervention of the gods, or the long catalogs of characters, appear only to be spoofed
In literature, a feeling, emotional state, or disposition of mind--especially the predominating atmosphere or tone of a literary work.
A conspicuous recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature
Traditional tale of deep cultural significance to a people in terms of etiology, eschatology, ritual practice, or models of appropriate and inappropriate behavior. Deals with gods, supernatural beings, or ancestral heroes.
The story or account of telling a sequence of events, often in chronological order. Alternatively, the term refers to any story, whether in prose or verse, involving events, characters, and what the characters say and do.
A literary movement seeking to depict life as accurately as possible, without artificial distortions of emotion, idealism, and literary convention.
The movement toward classical architecture, literature, drama, and design that took place during the Restoration and Enlightenment
A long, often elaborate stanzaic poem of varying line lengths and sometimes intricate rhyme schemes dealing with a serious subject matter and treating it reverently.
The use of sounds that are similar to the noise they represent for a rhetorical or artistic effect. For instance, buzz, click, rattle, and grunt make sounds akin to the noise they represent.
Imitates the serious manner and characteristic features of a particular literary work in order to make fun of those same features. The humorist achieves by exaggerating certain traits common to the work.
An artistic composition dealing with the life of shepherds or with a simple, rural existence. It usually idealized shepherds' lives in order to create an image of peaceful and uncorrupted existence.
A writer or speaker's attempt to inspire an emotional reaction in an audience--usually a deep feeling of suffering, but sometimes joy, pride, anger, humor, patriotism, or any of a dozen other emotions.
A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions
Point of View
The way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds. Governs the reader's access to the story. Many narratives appear in the first person or third person.
In later literature, it is a section of any introductory material before the first chapter or the main material of a prose work, or any such material before the first stanza of a poetic work.