Sadlier-Oxford Level G Units 1-9

180 terms by katzsunn

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acquisitive

(adj.) able to get and retain ideas or information; concerned with acquiring wealth or property

arrogate

(v.) to claim or take without right

banal

(adj.) hackneyed, trite, commonplace

belabor

(v.) to work on excessively; to thrash soundly

carping

(adj.) tending to find fault, especially in a petty, nasty, or hairsplitting way; (n.) petty, nagging criticism

coherent

(adj.) holding on or sticking together; making a logical whole; comprehensible, meaningful

congeal

(v.) to change from liquid to solid, thicken; to make inflexible or rigid

emulate

(v.) to imitate with the intent of equaling or surpassing the model

encomium

(n.) a formal expression of praise, a lavish tribute

eschew

(v.) to avoid, shun, keep away from

germane

(adj.) relevant, appropriate, apropos, fitting

insatiable

(adj.) so great or demading as not to be satisfied

intransigent

(adj.) refusing to compromise, irreconcilable

invidious

(adj.) offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment

largesse

(n.) generosity in giving; lavish or bountiful contributions

reconnaissance

(n.) a survey made for military purposes; any kind of preliminary inspection or examination

substantiate

(v.) to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to

taciturn

(adj.) habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little

temporize

(v.) to stall or act evasively in order to gain time, avoid a confrontation, or postpone a decision; to compromise

tenable

(adj.) capable of being held or defended

accost

to approach and speak to first; to confront in a challenging or aggressive way

animadversion

a comment indicating strong criticism or disapproval

avid

desirous of something to the point of greed; intensely eager

brackish

having a salty taste and unpleasant to drink

celerity

swiftness, rapidity of motion or action

devious

straying or wandering from a straight or direct course; done or acting in a shifty or underhanded way

gambit

in chess, an opening move that involves risk or sacrifice of a minor piece in order to gain a later advantage; any opening move of this type

halcyon

(n.) a legendary bird identified with the kingfisher; (adj.) of or relating to the halcyon; calm, peaceful; happy, golden; prosperous, affluent

histrionic

pertaining to actors and their techniques; theatrical, artificial; melodramatic

incendiary

deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife

malestrom

whirlpool; turbulence; agitated atate of mind

mypoic

nearsighted

overt

open, not hidden, expressed or revealed in a way that is easily recognized

pejorative

tending to make worse; expressing disapproval or disparagement, derogatory, deprecatory, belittling

propriety

the state of being proper, appropriateness; standards of what is proper or socially acceptable

sacrilege

improper or disrespectful treatment of something held sacred

summarily

without delay or formality; briefly, concisely

suppliant

asking humbly and earnestly; one who makes a request humbly and earnestly, a petitioner, suitor

talisman

an object that serves as a charm or is believed to confer magical powers, an amulet, fetish

undulate

to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; to have a wavelike appearance or form

articulate

(v.) to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to connect by a joint or joints; (adj,) expressed clearly and forcefully; able to employ language clearly and forcefully; jointed

cavort

(v.) to romp or prance around exuberantly; to make merry

credence

(n.) belief; mental acceptance

decry

(v.) to condemn, express strong disapproval; to officially depreciate

dissemble

(v.) to disguise or conceal, deliberately give a false impression

distraught

(adj.) very much agitated or upset as a result of emotion or mental conflict

eulogy

(n.) a formal statement of commendation; high praise

evince

(v.) to display clearly, to make evident, to provoke

exhume

(v.) to remove from a grave; to bring to light

feckless

(adj.) lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable

murky

(adj.) dark and gloomy, obscure; lacking in clarity and precision

nefarious

(adj.) wicked, depraved, devoid of moral standards

piquant

(adj.) stimulating to the taste or mind; spicy, pungent; appealingly provocative

primordial

(adj.) developed or created at the very beginning; going back to the most ancient times or earliest stage; fundamental, basic

propinquity

(n.) nearness in place or time; kinship

unwonted

(adj.) not usual or expected; not in character

utopian

(adj.) founded upon or involving a visionary view of an ideal world; impractical

verbiage

(n.) language that is too wordy or inflated in proportion to the sense or content, wordiness; a manner of expression

verdant

(adj.) green in tint or color; immature in experience or judgement

viscous

(adj.) having a gelatinous or gluey quality, lacking in easy movement or fluidity

Atrophy

(n) The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline of failure; (v) to waste away

Bastion

(n) A fortified place, strong hold

Concord

(n) A state of agreement, harmony, unanimity, a treaty, pact, covenant

Consummate

(adj) complete or perfect in the highest degree; (v) to bring to a state of completion

Disarray

(n) Disorder, confusion; (v) to throw into disorder

Exigency

(n, often pl) Urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency

Flotsam

(n) Floating debris; homeless, impoverished people

Frenetic

(adj) Frenzied, highly agitated

Glean

(v) To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers

Grouse

(n) A type of game bird; a complaint; (v) to complain, grumble

Incarcerate

(v) To imprison, confine, jail

Incumbent

(adj) Obligatory, required; (n) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of

Jocular

(adj) Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking

Ludicrous

(adj) Ridculous, laughable, absurd

Mordant

(adj) Biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh

Nettle

(n) A prickly or stinging plant; (v) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely

Pecuniary

(adj) Consisting of or measured in money; of or realated to money

Pusillanimous

(adj) Contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited

Recumbent

(adj) In a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting

Stratagem

(n) A scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end

acuity

(n.) sharpness [particularly of mind or senses]

delineate

(v.) to portray, sketch, or describe in accurate and vivid detail; to represent pictorially

depraved

(adj.) marked by evil and corruption, devoid of moral principles

enervate

(v.) to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring

esoteric

(adj.) intended for or understood by only a select few, private, secret

fecund

(adj.) fruitful in offspring or vegetation; intellectually productive

fiat

(n.) an arbitrary order or decree; a command or act of will or consciousness

figment

(n.) a fabrication of the mind; an arbitrary notion

garner

(v.) to acquire as the result of effort; to gather and store away, as for future use

hallow

(v.) to set apart as holy or scared, sanctify, consecrate; to honor greatly, revere

idiosyncrasy

(n.) a peculiarity that serves to distinguish or identify

ignominy

(n.) shame and disgrace

mundane

(adj.) earthly, worldly, relating to practical and material affairs; concerned with what is ordinary

nuance

(n.) a subtle or slight variation [as in color, meaning, quality], delicate gradation or shade or difference

overweening

(adj.) conceited, presumptuous; excessive, immoderate

penchant

(n.) a strong attraction or inclination

reputed

(adj.) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; (part.) alleged

sophistry

(n.) reasoning that seems plausible but is actually unsound; a fallacy

sumptuous

(adj.) costly, rich, magnificent

ubiquitous

(adj.) present or existing everywhere

abject

(adj.) degraded; base, contemptible; cringing, servile; complete and unrelieved

agnostic

(n.) one who believes that nothing can be known about God; a skeptic; (adj.) without faith, skeptical

complicity

(n.) involvement in wrongdoing; the state of being an accomplice

derelict

(n.) someone or something that is abandoned or neglected; (adj.) left abandoned; neglectful of duty

diatribe

(n.) a bitter and prolonged verbal attack

effigy

(n.) a crude image of a despised person

equity

(n.) the state or quality of being just, fair, or impartial; fair and equal treatment; something that is fair; the money value of a property value of a property above and beyond any other mortgage or other claim

inane

(adj.) silly, empty of meaning or value

indictment

(n.) a act of accusing; a formal accusation

indubitable

(adj.) certain, not to be doubted or denied

intermittent

(adj.) stopping and beginning again, sporadic

moot

(adj.) open to discussion and debate, unresolved; (v.) to bring up for discussion; (n.) a hypothetical law case argued by students

motif

(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design

neophyte

(n.) a new convert, beginner, novice

perspicacity

(n.) keenness in observing and understanding

plenary

(adj.) complete in all aspects or essentials; absolute; attended by all qualified members

surveillance

(n.) a watch kept over a person; careful, close, and disciplined observation

sylvan

(adj.) pertaining to or characteristic or forest; living or located in a forest; wooded, woody

testy

(adj.) easily irritated; characterized by impatience and exasperation

travesty

(n.) a grotesque or grossly inferior imitation; a disguise, especially the clothing of the opposite sex; (v.) to ridicule by imitating in a broad or burlesque fashion

allay

(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve

bestial

(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

convivial

(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial

coterie

(n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest

counterpart

(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

demur

(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

effrontery

(n.) shameless boldness, impudence

embellish

(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details

ephemeral

(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived

felicitous

(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy

furtive

(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

garish

(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way

illusory

(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality

indigent

(adj.) needy, impoverished

inordinate

(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

jettison

(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome

misanthrope

(n.) a person who hates or despises people

pertinacious

(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied

picayune

(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matter, small-minded

raiment

(n.) clothing, garments

allege

v. to assert without proof or confirmation

arrant

adj. thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant

badinage

n. light and playful conversation

conciliate

v. to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent

countermand

v. to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first

echelon

n. one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement

exacerbate

v. to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful

fatuous

adj. stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way

irrefutable

adj. impossible to disprove; beyond argument

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