RENAL: Divalent ion metabolism

31 terms by sackheimjulia1

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

I kind of half assed this one. Way too many lists.

+ choveks sign and trousseau sign mean you have what

hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia

do you get tetany with hypo or hypercalcemia

hypo

do you get carpal pedal spasm with hypo or hypercalcemia

hypo and hypomagnesemia

do you get stridor and wheezing with hyper or hypocalcemia

hypo

do you get muscle weakness with hyper or hypocalcemia

both

do you get cataracts with hypo or hypercalcemia

hypo

do you get nephrogenic diabetes insipidus with hypo or hypercalcemia

hyper

do you get a short QT interval with hypo or hypercalcemia

hyper

most common symptoms with hypercalcemia

GI symptoms

most specific symptoms of hypocalcemia are

perioral numbness and carpal pedal spasms of hand and foot

what is chvoteks sign

tap on facial nerve and see grimace from facial nerve spasm with hypocalcemia

what is trousseaus sign

inflate BP cough and see outstretched hand spasm with hypocalcemia

causes of hypercalcemia

MISHAPS

why do you get hypercalcemia in sarcoidosis

macrophages in granulomas convert vitamin d to it's active form

thiazide diuretics cause hypo or hypercalcemia

hyper

when you have hypocalcemia, what do you need to r/o first? explain

hypoalbuminemia. calcium binds to albumin carboxyl group, which is pH dependent. when pH decreases, calcium binding decreases

decreased mg blocks or increases PTH secretion?

blocks

what are some treatments for hypercalcemia

loop diuretics and saline, calcitonin, bisphosphonate, ketoconazole, oral or IV phosphate

what are some treatments for hypocalcemia

treat underlying disorder, calcium supplements, vit d supplements, vit d receptor agonists in renal insuff

you get a prolonged QT in hyper or hypophosphatemia

hyper

major CNS probems happen with hyper or hypophosphatemia

hypo

MCC cause of hyperphosphatemia

impaired GFR

how do you treat acute hyperphosphatemia with adequate renal fxn

saline diuresis to cause phosphaturia

how do you treat chronic hyperphosphatemia with ESRD

dietary phosphate restricition, phosphate binders to decrease intestinal absorption, CaR antag

how do you treat hypophosphatemia

oral or IV phosphate

you get decreased DTRs with hypo or hypermagnesia

hyper

you get hypoventilation with hyper or hypo magnesia

hyper

you get prologed PR and QT with hyper or hypomagnesia

hypo

you get u waves with hyper or hypomanesemia

hypo

what causes hypermagnesemia

CKD

tx for hypermagnesemia

stop intake of Mg. dialysis. if arrhythmia give calcium

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set