thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell. All cells have cell membranes
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy. Not found in animal cells.
material inside the cell membrane --not including the nucleus
"Transport system" of the cell - a system of membranes and passageways throughout the cytoplasm that carries proteins and other materials to all parts of the cell
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
"Trash men" of the cell, an organelle filled with enyzmes need to break down certain materials in the cells
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in foods into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
small particles in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough)
portion of the ER involved in the synthesis of proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth)
contains collections of enzymes that perform specialized tasks, including the synthesis of membrane lipids, and the detoxification of drugs
cell organelle that stores materials such as waters, salts, proteins, and carboydrates
The 'Control Center' of the cell. Directs the cell's functions and activities, as well as containing the genetic information (DNA)
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