PSYCHIATRY CH 22 GENERAL TERMS,SYMPTOMS,AND DISORDERS

44 terms by tkerber

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affect

external expression of emotion, or emotional response

amnesia

loss of memory

anorexia nervosa

an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve

anxiety disorder

an emotional disorder characterized by feelings of apprehension, tension, or uneasiness arising typically from the anticipation of unreal or imagined danger

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

autism

A pervasive developmental disorder marked by severe impairments in social relationships and communication as well as bizarre behavior patterns.

bipolar disorder

mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging,vomiting,and depression.

cannabis

substance from which marijuana is made

complusion

An uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly

conversion disorder

condition marked by physical symptoms with no organic basis, appearing as a result of anxiety and unconscious inner conflict

defense mechanism

Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.

delirium

confused thinking,disorentation,changes in alertness,diffculty paying attention, and fearfulness.

delusion

fixed,false beleif that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.

dementia

loss of intellectual abilities with imapirment of memory,judgement, and reasoning as well as changes in personality.

depression

Major mood disorder with chronic sadness,loss if energy,hopelessness,worry,and discouragement and, commonly,suicidal impulses and thoughts.

dissociative disorder

Chronic or sudden disturbance in memory,identity, or cinsciousness, are mulitple personality disorder, psychongenic disorder, amnesia, and fugue.

ego

Central coordinating branch of the personality or mind

fugue

Flight from customary surroundinbgs, dissociative disorder.

gender identity disorder

Strong and persistent cross-gendwer identification with the opposite sex.

hallucination

False sensory perception(hearing voices and seeing things)

id

Major unconscious part of the personality, energy from instinctual drives and desires

labile

Unstable,undergoing rapid emotional change

mania

Extrene excitement, hyperactive elation, and agitation.

mood disorders

prolonged emotion dominates a person's life

mutism

Inability to speak

obsessive-complsive disorder

Anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior

paranoia

Overly suspicious system of thinking: fixed delusions that one is being harassed, or unfairly treated.

paraphilla

Recurrent intense sexual urge

personality disorder

lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.

pervasive developmental disorders

group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; autism and Asperger syndrome are examples

phobia

Irrational or disabling fear (avoidance) of an object or situation

post-traumatic stress disorder

anxiety-related symptoms appear after personal experience of a traumatic event

projective (personality) test

diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures abstract patterns, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflext aspects of an individual's personality

psychiatrist

a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders

psychologist

non medical professional (often PhD or EdD) specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease. Areas of inter are clinical psychology, experimental psych and social psych

psychosis

any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted

reality testing

psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy; severely impaired in psychosis

repression

psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy.

schizophrenia

Chronic psychotic disorder tjat may include hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior.

sexual disorders

paraphilias and sexual dysfunctions

somatoform disorder

presence of physical symptoms that cannot be explained by an actual physical disorder or other well-described mental disorder such as depression.

substance-related disorder

regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opoids, and sedatives) that affect central nervous system

superego

Internalized conscience and moral part of the personality

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