Cyrus the Great
The first king of the Persian empire. He was liked by many people because he let the people he conquered keep there religion and language. He lost the battle of Marathon.
the battle of salamis
At Salamis, the Greeks attacked the Persian navy in a narrow strait where the Persian ships could not move well.
high hills where a major cities was built upon. Some cities also had walls to add extra protection.
a political system governed by a few aristocrats.
a political system governed by a tyrant or a strong leader who has power.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
people who help the judge decide if people are guilty or innocent. was made with the start of democracy.
an agreement to work together in peace and fight together in war.
son of Darius, who took the throne, invaded Greece, and was eventually defeated.
an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians.
Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians.
league created by Sparta to counter the power of Athens.
A great war fought between Greece and Troy. The myth of the battle is that the Greeks made a huge wooden horse and gave it to troy but it was filled with greek men who killed the trojan army while it was sleeping.
an athenian statesman that created juries, freed slaves, and allowed everyone to rise into power. he was also noted for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
the Persian Empire
The Persian Empire fought in the Persian wars with Greece and lost. its starting leader was Cyrus the great and the ending leader was his son Xerxes.
Darius the first
darius clamed the thrown of Persia and killed all of his rivals for power.
the battle of Plataea
Persians were defeated by the Spartan army at the Battle of Plataea.
Theseus and the minotaur
a greek myth that was about a prince killing a minotaur.
peisistratus was a tyrant that brought peace and prosperity to athens. he made new policies meant to unify the country.
the persian wars
A series of wars where the Greek city-states united against Persia, and managed to maintain control of Greece and push the Persian Empire back.
temple of the Greek goddess Athena, located on the Athenian Acropolis.
the Peloponnesian war
the Peloponnesian war was an ancient Greek war, fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta.
an archeologist that might have left troy's location a mystery forever.
an aristocrat who tried to save oligarchy by making less strict laws, but failed.
the battle of Thermopylae
7,000 Greek soldiers held off the Persians for two days. Unfortunately a traitor directed the Persians to a mountain path that led them around the Greeks and the greeks lost.
the battle of marathon
battle where Greece was very outnumbered but still came out on top because of their phalanx formation; Pheidippides brought the news by running 26 miles to Athens and then died.