Structure of Poems
Verse- A single line of poetry
Refrain- Verse(s) which repeat(s) throughout a song or poem at given intervals
Meter- A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in lines of poetry
Free Verse- Poetry composed of either rhymed or un-rhymed lines that have no set meter
Rhyme- A repeated end sound: best, west, jest, crest cat, fat, sat, rat, bat
Internal Rhyme- Words that rhyme that are not at the end of the line: I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers.
External Rhyme- Words that rhyme that are at the end of the line: My weekend was like any other,
I went to a movie with Mother.
Rhyme Scheme- Pattern of rhymes in poem. Rhyme scheme is usually referred to by letters representing rhyming words. Examples below:
I saw a fairy in the wood, (a)
He was dressed all in green. (b)
He drew his sword while I just stood, (a)
And realized I'd been seen. (b)
The poem above has an abab rhyme scheme;
"wood" and "stood" are represented by "a,"
"green" and "seen" are represented by "b."
Stanza- A section of lines that form a division in a poem
Quatrain- A stanza or poem of four lines
Punctuation of Poems
Capitalize the first word of each line.
If a line is too long to fit on one line, indent the overflow and do not capitalize it.
Punctuate the poem the way you want your reader to read it.