Political Science

118 terms by tronny

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The National Origins Quota System

allowed a large quota of new immigrants from northern European countries but only a small quota of new immigrants from eastern and southern european countries

the newest federal cabinet department is

homeland security

the belief that you can influence how your government acts is called

political efficacy

if the government were controlled by a small group of wealthy landowners and corporate leaders, this would be best described as

an oligarchy

The bill of rights was designed to protect

liberty

political apathy among americans hurts which core political value the most

democracy

what is the principle difference between an autocracy and an oligarchy

the number of people in charge

the belief that political authority should rest with the people themselves is called

popular sovereignty

low voter turnout and political apathy endanger

democracy

A representative democracy is a system of government that

gives citizens a regular opportunity to elect top government officials

the struggle of competing interest groups for governmental influence is called

pluralism

The first prerequisite to increasing political efficacy is

increasing political knowledge

bicameralism is a constitutional principle that means the

division of congress into two chambers

James Madison believed that in the constitutional convention the greatest conflict of interests was between

northern states and southern states

the supremacy clause

announces that the constitution and all laws made under it are superior to any state laws

Under the articles of confederation, the relationship between the states and the federal government can bes be compared to

the united Nations' relationship with member states

electoral college is

designed to select the president

which of the following powers are not explicitly given to congress by the constitution

to abolish state boundaries

shay's rebellion was an attempt to

prevent the state of massachusetts from foreclosing on the lands of debt-ridden farmers

the most common method of passing an amendment to the constitution is

passage in both houses of congress by a two-thirds vote, followed by a majority vote in three-fourths of the state legislature

the three branches of government created by the constitution are

executive, legislative, and judicial

A ________ is a system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for powers expressly delegated to a national government.

confederacy

the system of shared powers, divided between a central government and the states, is called

federalism

the stamp act was a

tax on commerce

Under the articles of confederation, it was left to the ____ to execute the laws passed by congress

states

the 1787 convention to draft a new constitution was held in

Philadelphia

which event was most influential in the rise of a more active national government

the great depression

during the great depression, a camp of unemployed individuals who had lost their homes was referred to as

hooverville

the federal system can be best defined as

a system of government in which power is divided between a national government and lower levels of governmet

according to the text, when was the era of dual federalism

from the ratification of the constitution until the new deal

those seeking to restrain the powers of the national government look to what part of the constitution

the tenth amendment

what constitutional clause affirms the national laws and treaties, made under the authority of the constitution are supreme law of the land

the supremacy clause

the source of an implied power under the constitution is the ___ clause

necessary and proper

the pecific powers granted to the national government in artical I, Section 8, of the constitution are called the

expressed powers

the full faith and credit clause of the constitution

requires to normally honor each other's public acts and legal decisions

using block grants to return power to the states was part of the nixon and reagan administrations'

New federalism

Which constitutional amendment has been used to restrict the scope of authority by the federal government over the states

tenth

which clauses of the constitution involve the relationships among various states

the full faith and credit clause and the privileges and immunities clause

the tenth amendment of the u.s constitution addresses

reserved powers

which president presided over the new deal

franklin roosevelt

what is the standard for determining guilt in criminal cases

guilty must be proven "beyond reasonable doubt"

the taking clause states that government may not take private property

without just compensation

A womans constitutional right to an abortion was established in

Rode v. Wade

the first and most famous test for determining when the government could intervene to suppress political speech was called the

clear and present danger test

about what did justice potter stewart confess "I know it when i see it"

pornography

which rights do not fall under constitutional arguments in favor of the right to privacy

right to use pornography

which of the following rights is not found in the original unamended constitution

Prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment

miranda vs. arizona was important because it produced rules that must be used

by the police before questioning an arrested criminal suspect

the ____ of the first amendment protects an individual's right to believe and practice whatever religion she or he chooses

free exercise clause

the second amendment of the US constitution deals with

the right to bear arms

during the founding era, who were the strongest supporters of adding a bill of rights to the constitution?

antifederalists

the process by which the supreme court has expanded specific parts of the bill of rights to protect citizens against state and federal actions is called

selective incorporation

which of the following best describes the federal courts' trend toward school desegregation in the 1990s?

the courts decreased the federal supervision of local school desegregation

"strict scrutiny" is the level of judicial review the federal courts give to all cases that involve

racial classifications

desegregating schools in northern states proved to be difficult because

segregation in the north was generally de facto, the product of both segregated housing and acts of private discrimination that were hard to prove

In their response to Brown v. Board of education, southern states did all of the following except

quickly desegregate their schools

What does the term Jim Crow refer to?

the system of racial segregation in the south after reconstruction

which area of discrimination was touched by the legal principles of Brown v. Board of education

public schools

when did civil rights become part of the US constitution?

civil rights were incorporated with the ratification of the fourteenth amendment

Most of the governments positive actions associated with the civil rights issue in the united states stem from the application of

the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment of the us constitution

Legally enforced segregation in public schools is a form of _____ discrimination

de jure

in case of workplace discrimination, which government institution would most likely handle the complaint

the equal employment opportunity commission

the attempt to ratify the equal rights amendment was an important struggle for

women

what goal did members of the abolitionist movement pursue?

the end of slavery

based on recent polling data, what percentage of americans believed that gays should have equal employment rights?

89%

based on recent polling data, what percentage of americans is worried aobut government monitoring of personal information

56%

the ability of citizens to influence their government through an awareness of and interest in politics is called

political efficacy

public opinion is used to describe

people's beliefs and attitudes toward different issues

which of the following was not part of the bush administration's effort to maintain support for its war on terror?

donations to academic institutions

which statement about public opinion polls is not true

Abraham lincoln and stephen douglas were the first politicians to use public opinion polls

the belief that government is a wasteful and dangerous institution and should be limited to as few activities as possible is an example of a political

ideology

a liberal would most likely support

an expansion in governmental social services

the process by which underlying political values are formed is known as

political socialization

the typical margin of error in a sample survey of 1500 respondents is

3 percent

people's underlying beliefs and ideologies

tend to automatically color their perceptions and opinions about politics

what is an initiative

a procedure that allows for laws to be placed on a ballot and voted on by electorate

the news media are most responsive to what segments of the population

the affluent

which of the following has made politicians mroe depended on favorable media coverage

the decline in political party organizations

the press release was created

in the early twentieth century by a public relations firm working for a railroad

which statement about the federal communications commission is false

the FCC was established in 1965 under president lyndon johnson

which of the following statements is false

government censorship plays an important role in determining the particular interpretation of a news story

which of the following is regulated by the federal government

television

a short, attention grabbing phrase that summarizes a position is called a

sound bite

george h. w. bush's 1988 statement "read my lips, no new taxes" is a good example of a

sound bite

american print and broadcast media tend to be more responsive to the ____ segments of the audience

upscale

which presidential candidate pioneered the use of town meetings and television entertainment programs as a means of communicating directly with voters

Bill Clinton

the ____ regulates broadcast media

federal communications commission

the pentagon papers were released as a result of

a leak by a minor defense department staffer

why do radio stations repeat the news so often throughout the day?

the audience is constantly changing since most people listen to the radio in their cars

which of the following is not a reason why a free media is necessary to democratic government?

a free media is needed to ensure economic equality

which of the following statements best describes the coverage given to american politics by international newspapers

international newspapers frequently cover american politics and are often critical of american policy

what is the main difference between voting and lobbying?

unlike voting, lobbying involves an attempt to directly influence a government official

which of the following is not a nonelectoral form of political activity

voting

the term turnout describes the number of people that

actually vote

what has been one of the most pressing questions concerning socioeconomic status

why has the level of participation in politics not increased as a result of the rising level of education among americans

the fifteenth amendment, passed in 1870, mandated that

no state could prevent the right to vote on account of race

over the past decade, polls have revealed that asian american voters are moving

toward the democratic party

what is one reason that political parties and politicians view latinos as a critically important group

the latino population in the united states is large and rapidly growing

your level of concern about public issues is best measured by the degree of your

civic engagement

studies show that people are most likely to participate in politics when

someone asks them to get involved

what bloc of voters has recently been called the "sleeping giant"

latinos

compared with western europe, the united states has a _____ turnout in elections

lower

an example of ____ was exhibited with the interest group moveon.org bought a full-page advertisement in the new york times bearing the headline, "general petraeus or general betray us

public relations

the term suffrage refers to

the right to vote

the main goal of the group rock the vote is to

draw young voters into participating politically

throughout american history, which of the following was not a common restriction the government placed on voting rights

occupational requirements

A party's platform is best understood as

a negotiated agreement between the party's various factions

which of the following tasks does a party's national committee not perform

selecting presidential and vice-presidential candidates

during the 1980s under the leadership of ronald reagan, which two groups didt eh republican party add to their coalition

religious conservatives and working-class whites

which group is most likely to support the republican party?

the wealthy

_____ are nonprofit independent grops that receive and distribute funds to influence the nomination, election, and defeat of a candidate

527 committees

historically, realignments occur

when new issues combine with economic or political crises to mobilize new voters adn persuade large numbers of voters to reexamine their traditional partisan loyalties

which of the following statements concerning third parties is false

the earliest third parties in the united states arose as a result of the great depression

the third party candidate who won the most electoral college votes in american history was

george wallace

during the late 1840s and early 1850s both the democratic and whig parties were divided by

conflicts over slavery

strong parties may provide an important link between government and

democratic participation

which event occurred in 1994

the republican party won control of both houses of congress for the first time since the 1950s

throughout its history, American politics has been dominated by

two major political parties

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