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Five Pillars

five central beliefs of Islam

Declaration of Faith

"there is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet"

Prayer

every Muslim must pray to God 5 times: when you wake up, at noon, in the afternoon, evening, and before you go to bed; you have to face Mecca and pray in Arabic

Alms

every Muslim must give up a certain percentage of his wealth to the poor every year

Fasting

during Ramadan, every Muslim must fast from sunrise to sunset

Hajj

pilgrimage to Mecca. At least once in life, every Muslim needs to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. They all have to wear the same thing

Jihad

struggle

Greater Jihad

the struggle everyone goes through to conquer their inner demon to become a better person

Lesser Jihad

physical struggle to defend Islam. The idea of the lesser jihad is terrorism to Americans

Muhammad

...

Charlemagne

...

Pepin the Short

...

Clovis

...

Charles Martell

...

Justinian

...

Mosque

religious temple

Imam

religious leader

Schism

1054 AD. Church splits in half; excommunication

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