Chapter 2

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16 terms

Monarch

A person, such as a king or queen, who reigns over a kingdom or an empire.

Dictator

A person who rules with complete and absolute power.

Democracy

The people of a nation either rule directly or they elect officials who act on their behalf.

Direct democracy

All voters in a community meet in one place to make laws and decide what actions to take.

Representative democracy

The people elect representatives to carry on the work of government for them.

Republic

The people consent to be ruled by their elected leaders.

Constitution

A written plan of government

Human rights

The basic rights to which all people are entitled.

Confederation

A loose association

Sovereignty

Absolute power

Parliament

The lawmaking body of Great Britain

Federalism

Federal system

Compromise

An agreement in which each side gives up part of its demands in order to reach a solution to a problem.

Ratification

Approval

Federalists

Supporters of the Constitution, who favored a strong national government

Antifederalists

People who opposed the new Constitution

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