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pleasing (welcome, grateful)

gratus (-a, -um)

unfriendly (hostile)

inimicus (-a, -um)

enemy (m.)

inimicus

ready (prepared)

paratus (-a, -um)

true

verus (-a, -um)

swiftness (speed f.)

celeritas, celeritatis

commander (general m.)

imperator, imperatoris

government (command, military power n.)

imperium

Caesar (m.)

Caesar, Caesaris

body (n.)

corpus, corporis

diligence (care f.)

diligentia

march (journey, route n.)

iter, itineris

citizen

civis, civis m./f.

end (boundary, only in s.)

finis, finis m.

territory (only in pl.)

fines, finium m.

ship

navis, navis f.

memory

memoria

is (there is)

est

are (there are)

sunt

country (native land)

patria

I love (like)

amo (-are, -avi, -atum)

I sail

navigo (-are, -avi, -atum)

I seize (capture)

occupo (-are, -avi, -atum)

I prepare (for)

paro (-are, -avi, -atum)

I carry

porto (-are, -avi, -atum)

I look at

specto (-are, -avi, -atum)

I call

voco (-are, -avi, -atum)

Germany

Germania

Spain

Hispania

land (earth)

terra

road (way)

via

and (added on to end of word)

que

field (territory)

ager

friend

amicus

lieutenant (envoy)

legatus

school (game)

ludus

messenger (message)

nuntius

slave

servus

war

bellum

sky

caelum

danger

periculum

kingdom

regnum

down from (about, concerning)

de

in (on-- with accusative-- into, onto, against--with ablative)

in

high (deep)

altus (-a, -um)

wild (fierce, savage)

ferus (-a, -um)

long

longus (-a, -um)

my (mine)

meus (-a, -um)

your (yours-- when speaking to only one person)

tuus (-a, -um)

I call (name)

appello (-are -avi, atum)

I call together (assemble, summon)

convoco (-are -avi, atum)

I await (wait for)

exspecto (-are -avi, atum)

I live

habito (-are -avi, atum)

I labor (suffer, be hard pressed)

laboro (-are, -avi, -atum)

I tell (relate)

narro (-are, -avi, -atum)

I announce (report)

nuntio (-are -avi, atum)

I surpass (defeat)

supero (-are -avi, atum)

I fly

volo (-are -avi, atum)

wretched (unfortunate, poor)

miser (misera, miserum)

our (ours)

noster (nostra, nostrum)

beautiful (noble, fine)

pulcher (pulchra, pulchrum)

before, in front of

ante

between (among)

inter

because of (on account of)

ob

because of (on account of)

propter

for a long time

diu

yesterday

heri

now (already)

iam

there (in that place)

ibi

meanwhile

interim

badly

male

often

saepe

where? (where, when)

ubi

I walk

ambulo (-are -avi, atum)

I shout

clamo (-are -avi, atum)

I strengthen (encourage, declare)

confirmo (-are -avi, atum)

I show (point out)

demonstro (-are -avi, atum)

I attack

oppugno (-are -avi, atum)

I guard (keep, save)

servo (-are -avi, atum)

I stand

sto (-are -avi, atum)

I try (attempt)

tempto (-are -avi, atum)

Asia (Minor)

Asia

mind (spirit)

animus

help (aid)

auxilium

reinforcements

auxilia

plan (advice)

consilium

plenty (supply)

copia

forces (troops)

copiae

flight

fuga

hindrance

impedimentum

baggage

impedimenta

daring (boldness)

audacia

wagon (cart)

carrus

lord (master)

dominus

lack

inopia

book

liber

place

locus (loca, -orum pl.)

penalty (punishment)

poena

ally (comrade)

socius

Helvetian

Helvetius ( -a -um )

have (hold)

habeo, habere, habui, habitum

stay (remain)

maneo, manere, mansi, mansum

warn (advise, inform)

moneo, monere, monui, monitum

fear (be afraid)

timeo, timere, timui

short

brevis, breve

swift

celer, celeris, celere

easy

facilis, facile

brave

fortis, forte

Gallic

Gallus (-a, -um)

heavy (severe, serious)

gravis, grave

powerful

potens, potentis

similar

similis, simile

Trojan

Troianus, (-a, -um)

peace

pax, pacis, f

safety (welfare)

salus, salutis, f

I owe (ought)

debeo, debere, debui, debitum

I prevent (keep...from...)

prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum

I reply (answer)

respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum

I hold back

retineo, retinere, retinui, retentum

I frighten

terreo, terrere, terrui, territum

accept (receive)

accipio accipere accepi acceptum

capture (take)

capio capere cepi captum

finish (accomplish)

conficio conficere confeci confectum

hurl (throw together)

conicio conicere conieci coniectum

wish (want, desire)

cupio cupere cupivi cupitum

make (do)

facio facere feci factum

flee (flee from)

fugio fugere fugi fugitum

throw

iacio iacere ieci iactum

begin

incipio incipere incepi inceptum

kill

interficio interficere interfeci interfectum

dinner

cena, -ae, f

Greece

Graecia, -ae, f

Helvetia

Helvetia, -ae, f

injustice

iniuria, -ae, f

chair, seat

sella, -ae, f

and

atque (conj)

because

quod (conj)

both... and

et... et

do (drive)

ago agere egi actum

collect (compel)

cogo cogere coegi coactum

bear (carry on, wear)

gero gerere gessi gestum

place (put)

pono ponere posui positum

rule

rego regere rexi rectum

rise (stand up)

surgo surgere surrexi surrectum

surrender

trado tradere tradidi traditum

ancient (old fashioned, old, former)

antiquus, (-a, -um)

clear (bright; famous)

clarus, (-a, -um)

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