7.3 Medieval China

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Tang Dynasty

Dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618-907 CE

reunification

the act of coming together again

Buddhism

a world religion founded by Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) in India in the sixth century

agriculture

(n.) farming (It was a huge step in the progress of civilization when tribes left hunting and gathering and began to develop more sustainable methods of obtaining food, such as agriculture.)

Tang Dynasty

Dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618-907 CE

Song Dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279

commerce

exchange of goods; trade

porcelain

thin pottery,it was also an important item the Song used for trade.

gunpowder

a mixture of powders used in explosives and guns,it was developed early in Northern Song Dynasty.

compass

An instrument that uses earths magnetic field to indicate directions, it was one of the most useful achaivments of tang china.

inventions

a new tool, device, or process, created after scientific study and experimentation

The Grand Canal

The oldest and longest man-made canal. Built during the Sui Dynasty and still around today.

the paper trail

paper money was printed for the first time in china in the AD 900s and was used for about 700 years,through the ming dynasty.

tang dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 618 to 907

song dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279

great wall of china

a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC

technological

of or relating to a practical subject that is organized according to scientific principles

commercial

connected with or engaged in or sponsored by or used in commerce or commercial enterprises

wheat

annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains

rice

grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished

empress wu

Only women emporer of china powerful and cruel along with talented and intellegent

Sung Dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279

Mongol

Central Asian dynasty founded by Genghis Khan that ruled China in the 13th & 14th centuries

Confucianism

a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes proper behavior

Genghis Khan

Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)

Dynasty

a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family

Philosophy

a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

Central Asia

five stan countries, between the Caspian Sea and China

Caspian Sea

a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River

maritime

relating to or involving ships or shipping or navigation or seamen

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey for a particular purpose

Mongol Ascendency

The Mongol Ascendancy refers to a time in Chinese history when the Mongols were able to successfully conquer and hold most of Asia, and extended their Empire nearly to Europe.

Ming Dynasty

A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia

Period of disunion

time of disorder after the collapse of the han dynasty (220-589)

Kublai Khan

Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China

Isolationism

a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations

Consequences

a result of your actions and decisions

Great Wall of China

a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC

Yuan Dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368

Function

the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group

Confucianism

the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity

Bureacracy

a system of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority.

Scholar official

in Chinese history is a highly educated civil servant who entered goverment only after passing examinations

Civil service

A part of a bureaucracy that oversees the day-to-day buisness of running a government.

Neo-Confucianism

term that describes the resurgence of confusianism and the influence of confucian scholars during the Tang dynasty

Candidates

The choices of a political party to run for an elected office.

Philosophy

a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

China

a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong

Mongols

People from the country of Mongolia that were greatly weakened by China in the mid-700's.

tea

a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India

China contributions

tea, the manufacture of paper, wood-block printing, the compass, and gunpowder.

wood-block printing

a form of printing in which an entire pager is carved into a block of wood

compass

Helped exploration by figuring out the correct direction

gunpowder

a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks

bureaucray

a system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of government

civil service

Service as a goverment official

scholar official

Educated member of the goverment, Educated member of the goverment

genghis khan

Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)

kublai khan

Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China

zheng he

led several voyages to plces around asia

isolationism

A policy of avoiding contact with other countries; a new Ming emperor caused China to enter a period of this in the 1430s

porcelain

ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

empress wu

Only women emporer of china powerful and cruel along with talented and intellegent

period of disunion

time of disorder after the collapse of the han dynasty (220-589)

grand canal

an inland waterway 1000 miles long in eastern China

tibet

an Asian country under the control of China

afghanistan

a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia

invention

the act of inventing

buddhisms

the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth

chinese

of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures

voyages

travels, journeys

Geographic

determined by geography

Political

involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians

economic

using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness

religious

a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience

money

wealth reckoned in terms of money

cloth

artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers

rice

grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished

agriculture

the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy)

paper

a newspaper as a physical object

wood

the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area

crops

Southern plantation owners used this instead of money

discovery

the act of discovering something

analyze

subject to psychoanalytic treatment

farmers

New inventions made work easier for farmers

invention

the act of inventing

historic

important in history

middle ages

the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance

indicate

indicate a place, direction, person, or thing

wheat

grains of common wheat

scholar-official class

Chinese system for getting beauricratic, govenment positions/jobs and raising in the ranks of politics.

imperial

relating to or associated with an empire

development

act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining

buddah

(Gautama) "enlightened one"

principles

standards or rules

Han dynasty

imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) from 206 BC to 221 and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy

Disunion

the termination or destruction of union

buddhism

a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha

confucianism

the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity

government

the act of governing

function

the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group

Tang dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 618 to 907

neo confucianism

Emphiszed spiritual matters and why good people did bad things

bureaucracy

nonelective government officials

civil service

government workers

incentive

a positive motivational influence

prominence

relative importance

irrigation

supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc

maintaining

Making something continue in the same way

considerable

large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree

yuan dynasty

the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368

dynasty

a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family

improvement

the act of improving something

china

a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia

agricultural

relating to rural matters

elaborate

make more complex, intricate, or richer

impoverished

poor enough to need help from others

granary

a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed

minister

the job of a head of a government department

admonishings

expressing reproof or reproach especially as a corrective

veneration

religious zeal

Daoism

The key to happiness is accepting life as it is through this culture.

Qing Dynasty

the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries

Cultural Revolution

movement that emphasized class struggle; instituted in China by Mao Zeodong in 1966 to control rival groups within the Communist party.

Confucius

chinese philosphere and teacher; his belifs,known as confusoinism greatly influenced chinese life

Tang

any of various kelps especially of the genus Laminaria

Monastery

the residence of a religious community

Luoyang

a city in east central China

doctrine

a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

sutras

Buddha's sermons and dialogues. Part of the Tripitaka.

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